Effects of Varieties, Cutting Health and Fungicide Application on Chrysanthemum White Rust

Evi Silvia Yusuf, Kurniawan Budiarto, I. Djatnika, Suhardi Suhardi


White rust caused by fungal pathogen Puccinia horiana P. Henn. is one devastated disease that could make significant economic loss in chrysanthemum production. The study of effects of varieties, cutting health and fungicide application on chrysanthemum white rust was established. The treatments were arranged in split-split plot completely randomized design with three replications. Three chrysanthemum varieties i.e. cv. Puma White, Reagent Purple and Town Talk served as main plot. Seedlings with 20 % intensity of white rust infection and symptomless functioned as sub plot, while fungicide application on the transplanted cutting (no fungicide) and dithiocarbamate (AntracolR 75 WP, 2 g L-1) application served as sub-sub plot. Result showed genetic background of the cultivars significantly determined the degree of infection of white rust. Reagent Purple exhibited least disease intensities. Fungicide application was less effective in controlling white rust development, yet gave significant impact on the plant height and number of leaves of chrysanthemum plants. Cuttings selection based on the visual observation on the presence or absence of white rust pustules symptom did not gave significant differences on the further development of the disease. The symptomless cuttings were also infected with this fungal disease after the cuttings were planted under plastic house.


chrysanthemum varieties; disease development; fungicide (dithio-carbamate); growth quality white rust symptom

Full Text:



Barhate, B. G., Musmade, N. A., & Bahirat, J. B. (2015). Management of chrysanthemum white rust an intercepted quarantine disease for India, under green house condition. International Journal of Plant Protection, 8(1), 134–137. crossref

Budiarto, K., Sulyo, Y., Nugroho, E. D. S., & Maaswinkel, R. H. M. (2007). Effects of irrigation frequency and leaf detachment on chrysanthemum grown in two types of plastic house. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 8(1), 39-42. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/ijas/article/view/626 website

Djatnika, I., Kristina, D., & Sanjaya, L. (1994). Ketahanan beberapa kultivar krisan terhadap penyakit karat [Resistance of chrysanthemum cultivars to rust disease]. Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Hias, 2(2), 19−25. Retrieved from http://balithi.litbang.pertanian.go.id/publikasi-detail-17-ketahanan-beberapa-kultivar-krisan-terhadap-penyakit-karat.html website

Dordevic, L. (1988). Contribution to the study of the chrysanthemum white rust. Zastita Bilja, 39(3), 335-350. Retrieved from https://eurekamag.com/research/007/158/007158315.php website

Dutky, E. M. (2004). Fungicides and other plant disease management approaches. Retrieved from http://www.colonialdistrictroses.org/id43.html website

Francl, L. J. (2001). The disease triangle: A plant pathological paradigm revisited. crossref

GDAI. (2013). Metode standar pengujian efikasi fungisida [Standard Test Method of Fungicides efficacy]. Jakarta, ID: General Directorate of Agricultural Infrastructure, Ministry of Agriculture.

Göre, M. E. (2008). White rust outbreaks on chrysanthemum caused by Puccinia horiana in Turkey. Plant Pathology, 57(4), 786. crossref

Gullino, M. L., & Garibaldi, A. (2007). Critical aspects in management of fungal diseases of ornamental plants and directions in research. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 46, 135–149. Retrieved from http://www.fupress.net/index.php/pm/article/view/2150 website

Hanudin, & Marwoto, B. (2012). Penyakit karat putih pada krisan dan upaya pengendaliannya [White rust disease on chrysanthemum and its control techniques]. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 31(2), 51-57. Retrieved from http://pustaka.litbang.pertanian.go.id/publikasi/p3312122.pdf PDF

Killiny, N., & Almeida, R. P. P. (2011). Gene regulation mediates host specificity of a bacterial pathogen. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 3(6), 791–797. crossref

Malik, A. K., & Faubel, W. (1999). Methods of analysis of dithiocarbamate pesticides: A review. Pesticide Science, 55(10), 965-970. http://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199910)55:10<965::AID-PS59>3.0.CO;2-7

O'Keefe, G., & Davis, D. D. (2012). First confirmed report that Puccinia horiana, causal agent of chrysanthemum white rust, can overwinter in Pennsylvania. APS Journals, 96(9), 1381. crossref

Ortega, L. (1999). Prevention and eradication of white rust (Puccinia horiana) in Colombia. Acta Horticulturae, 482, 187-196. crossref

Palmer, C. L., Nester, S. E., Revell, J. M., & Bonde, M. R. (2015). Fungicide impact on in vitro germination of basidiospores of Puccinia horiana, the causal agent of chrysanthemum white rust. Plant Health Progress, 16(2), 73-76. Retrieved from http://www.apsnet.org/meetings/Documents/2014_meeting_abstracts/aps2014abO54.htm website

Rademaker, W., & Jong, J. (1987). Types of resistance to Puccinia horiana in chrysanthemum. Acta Horticulturae, 197, 85-88. crossref

Rahardjo, I. B., & Suhardi. (2008). Insidensi dan intensitas serangan penyakit karat putih pada beberapa klon krisan [Incidence and intensity of white rust disease on several chrysanthemum clones]. Jurnal Hortikultura, 18(3), 312-318. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/861 website

Sangeetha, C. G., & Siddaramaiah, A. L. (2007). Epidemiological studies of white rust, downy mildew and Alternaria blight of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern. and Coss.). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(7), 305–308. Retrieved from http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380788052_Sangeetha and Siddaramaiah.pdf PDF

Sheroze, A., Rashid, A., Shakir, A. S., & Khan, S. M. (2003). Effect of bio-control agents on leaf rust of wheat and influence of different temperature and humidity levels on their colony growth. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 5(1), 83–85. Retrieved from https://www.fspublishers.org/published_papers/20484_..pdf PDF

Sugimura, T., & Okayama, K. (2000). Relationship among disease development of chrysanthemum white rust, temperature and rain fall. Bulletin of the Nara Agricultural Experiment Station, 31, 44-45. Retrieved from https://eurekamag.com/research/003/544/003544766.php website

Suhardi. (2009). Sumber inokulum, respons varietas, dan efektivitas fungisida terhadap penyakit karat putih pada tanaman krisan [Inoculum source, variety response, and fungicide efficacy to rust disease of chrysanthemum]. Jurnal Hortikultura, 19(2), 207-213. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/804 website

Wang, S. L., Liu, H. X., & Dai, S. L. (2006). A study on the germination of the teliospores of Puccinia horiana. Forest Research, 19(3), 391-394. Retrieved from https://eurekamag.com/research/011/711/011711738.php website

Whipps, J. M. (1993). A review of white rust (Puccinia horiana Henn.) disease on chrysanthemum and the potential for its biological-control with Verticillium lecanii (Zimm.) Viegas. Annals of Applied Biology, 122(1), 173–187. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1993.tb04025.x crossref

Wojdyla, A. T. (2004). Development of Puccinia horiana on chrysanthemum leaves in relation to chemical compounds and time of their application. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 44(2), 91-102. Retrieved from http://www.plantprotection.pl/PDF/44(2)/JPPR%2044%20(2)_3.pdf PDF

Yang, C., Hamel, C., Vujanovic, V., & Gan, Y. (2011). Fungicide: Modes of action and possible impact on nontarget microorganisms. ISRN Ecology, 2011, 1–8. crossref

Yusuf, E. S., Nuryani, W., Djatnika, I., Hanudin, Suhardi, & Winarto, B. (2012). Potensi beberapa fungisida nabati dalam mengendalikan karat putih (Puccinia horiana Henn.) dan perbaikan mutu krisan [Potency of several biofungicides on controlling of white rust disease and improvement of chrysanthemum quality]. Jurnal Hortikultura, 22(4), 385-391. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/jhort/article/view/699 website

Zeng, J., Sun, J., Xu, Y., Chen, F., Jiang, J., Fang, W., & Chen, S. (2013). Variation for resistance to white rust (Puccinia horiana) among Ajania and Chrysanthemum species. HortScience, 48(10), 1231-1234. Retrieved from http://hortsci.ashspublications.org/content/48/10/1231.abstract website

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v39i1.948

Copyright (c) 2016 AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/