DETERMINATION OF UREA-HUMIC ACID DOSAGE OF VERTISOLS ON THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF RICE

Retno Suntari, Rurini Retnowati, Soemarno Soemarno, Mochammad Munir

Abstract


The main problem of the use of N fertilizer in paddy soil Vertisols is the low efficiency. Urea-humic acid applications at certain dosage are believed to increase rice growth and production. This study was aimed to examine the effect of urea and urea-humic acid to the amount and form of N-available, N uptake, plant growth, and the production of rice. Five dosage levels of urea-humic acid were applied for rice on Vertisols. Results of the research showed that the urea-humic acid fertilizer could increase the content of N-NH4+ soil at 28 days and N-NO3- soil at 42 days. The urea-humic acid could improve plant height, number of tillers, and total dry weight. The highest rice production is achieved by 100% humic acid-urea, especially on parameters of dry weight effectively harvested and effectively milled, with 5.56 tons and 4.61 tons per hectare respectively. Correlation between soil N-NO3- level with soil N-NH4+  level was significant at p = 0.05 (r = 0.871). Efficiency of urea-humic acid fertilizer at 100% recommended dosage (200 kg urea-humic acid) to the dry weight of  effectively harvested crop with dry weight of effectively milled crop was 22% compared to the recommended urea fertilizer (200 kg ha-1).


Keywords


N-NH4+; N-NO3-; plant growth; the production of rice; urea-humic acid

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v37i2.505

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/