Agus Hermawan, Sabaruddin Sabaruddin, Marsi Marsi, Renih Hayati, Warsito Warsito


Low P availability is the main constraint for crops on acidic soil such as an Ultisols due to high soil P sorption. The objective of current research was to determine the effect of coal fly ash-chicken manure mixture application on P use efficiency by corn (Zea mays L.) in Ultisols. The research were arranged according to Factorial Completely Randomized Design with three replicates. The treatments tested were the rates of FA-CM mixture (w/w of 1:1) that consisted of 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 tons ha-1, and P fertilizer rates that consisted of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 times of P requirement to achieve of 0.2 μg P mL-1 in soil solution (equivalence to 0, 87, 174, 261 and 348 kg P2O5 ha-1). Results of current research showed that P use efficiency by corn on Ultisols had been increased through the addition of FA-CM in combination with P fertilization at the rate of 87 kg P2O5 ha-1. The optimum rate of FA-CM in combination with P fertilizer at the rate of 87 kg P2O5 ha-1 is 28.60 tons ha-1, with P uptake efficiency of 42.41 % and agronomic P efficiency of 82.53 mg shoot dry weight/mg P from fertilizer.

Full Text:



Aggarwal, S., G.R. Singh and B.R. Yadav. 2009. Utilization of fly ash for crop production: Effect on the growth of wheat and sorghum crops and soil properties. J. Agricultural Physics, 9: 20-23.

Brouwers, H.J.H. and R.J. Van Eijk. 2003. Chemical reaction of fly ash. Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement (ICCC). The Cement and Concrete Institute of South Africa. Durban, South Africa. p.791-800.

Darman, S. 2008. The availability and P nutrient uptake in corn in Oxic Dystrudepts Palolo due to compost extract from waste of cacao (in Indonesian). J. Agroland 15 (4): 323 – 329.

Fox, R.L. and E.J. Kamprath. 1970. Phosphate sorption isotherm for evaluating the phosphate requirements of soils. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 34: 902-907.

Hartatik, W. and L.R. Widowati. 2006. Manure in: Simanungkalit, R.D.M., D.A. Suriadikarta, R. Saraswati, D. Setyorini and W. Hartatik (Editor). Organic fertilizer and biofertilizer (in Indonesian). Agricultural Research and Development Center. Bogor. p. 59-82.

Haynes, R.J. and M.S. Mokolobate. 2001. Amelioration of Al toxicity and P deficiency in acid soils by addition of organic residues: A critical review of the phenomenon and the mechanisms involved. Nutr. Cycl Agroecosyst, 59: 47-63.

Hermawan, A., Sabaruddin, Marsi and R. Hayati. 2013. Status of uptake and P availability of coal fly ash due to addition of chicken manure (In Indonesian). Proceedings in National Seminar of Suboptimal Areas. Palembang. p. 245-255.

Hermawan, A., Sabaruddin, Marsi and R. Hayati. 2014. Changes of P sorption on Ultisol due to addition of coal fly ash-chicken manure mixture. Sains Tanah-Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology. 11 (1):1-10.

Johnston, A.E. and J. Keith Syers. 2009. A new approach to assessing phosphorus use efficiency in agriculture. Better Crops 93 (3): 14-16.

Kishor P, A.K. Ghosh and D. Kumar. 2010. Use of fly ash in agriculture: A way to improve soil fertility and its productivity. Asian J. of Agric. Res 4 (1): 1-14.

Mahbub, I.A. 2004. The effects of mycorrhiza and super phosphate lime on P availability of soil, P sorption of plant, and corn yield on Ultisol (in Indonesian). J. Agronomy 8 (2):121-124.

Marschner, H. 1990. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Fourth Printing. Academic Press Limited, San Diego, CA.

Norton, R. 2013. Agronomic practices and input-use efficiency. In: Manjit, S.K and S.S. Banga (eds). Combating climate change: An agricultural perspective. CRC Press. New York. p. 109-139.

Pandey, V.C and N. Singh. 2010. Impact of fly ash incorporation in soil systems. Agric. Ecosyst and Environ. 136: 16–27.

Prasetyo, B.H. and D.A. Suriadikarta. 2006. Characteristics, potentials, and technology in cultivation of Ultisol soil for the agricultural development in arid lands in Indonesia (in Indonesian). J. Agricultural Development and Research, 25 (2):39-46.

Purnomo, J., K. Idris, Suwarno and E.L. Sisworo. 2001. The Effects of Natural Phosphate and Manure on Efficiency of P Fertilization on Oxisol in West Sumatera. in: Treatise of Research Scientific Meeting and Development of Isotope Application and Radiation (in Indonesian). Jakarta. p. 305-312.

Rendig, V.V. and H.M. Taylor. 1989. Principles of soil-plant interrelationships. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. New York.

Sanchez, P.A. and G. Uehara. 1980. Management considerations for acid soils with phosphorus fixation capacity. In The role of phosphorus in agriculture. ASA-CSSA-SSSA. Madison.

Shen, J., C. Li, G. Mi, L. Li, L. Yuan, R. Jiang and F. Zhang. 2013. Maximizing root/ rhizosphere effciency to improve crop productivity and nutrient use efficiency in intensive agriculture of China. Journal of Experimental Botany 1-12.

Stevens, G and D. Dunn. 2004. Fly ash as a liming material for cotton. J. Environ. Qual. 33: 343–348.

Syers, J.K., A.E. Johnston and D. Curtin. 2008. Efficiency of soil and fertilizer phosphorus use. Reconciling changing concepts of soil phosphorus behaviour with agronomic information. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Rome.

Syers, K., M. Bekunda, D. Cordell, J. Corman, J. Johnston, A. Rosemarin and I. Salcedo. 2011. Phosphorus and food production. UNEP Year Books, pp 35-45.

Tan, K.H. 2003. Humic matter in the soil and the environment: Principles and Controversies. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. USA.

Tarkalson, D., C.A. Shapiro and J.L Petersen. 2010. Use of fly ash as a liming material of corn and soybean production on an acidic sandy soil. Online. Crop Management, doi:10.1094/CM-2010-0426-01-RS.

Yang, S., Z. Zhang, L. Cong, X. Wang and S. Shi. 2013. Effect of fulvic acid on the phosphorus availability in acid soil. J. Soil Sci and Plant Nutr. 13(3): 526-533.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v36i2.392

Copyright (c)