Effect of Sub-Bituminous Coal on Negative Charge Activity on Secondary Forest and Horticultural Land Contaminated with Pesticides in Sungai Pua, Agam

Herviyanti Herviyanti, Amsar Maulana, Teguh Budi Prasetyo, Arestha Leo Lita, Ridho Ryswaldi


Pesticides are increasingly used to deal with crop-disrupting organisms. However, only 1% are on target, and the rest threaten agricultural ecology. This research aims to study the effect of Sub-bituminous coal (SC) on the change of negative charge activity (NCA) on two types of land, namely secondary forest (SF) and pesticide-contaminated horticultural land (HL-P). Two studies respectively used a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications on two land types and five doses, namely: A = control or 0 t/ha [0 g SC/500 g soil]; B = 10 t/ha [2.5 g SC/500 g soil]; C = 20 t/ha [5.0 g SC/500 g soil]; D = 30 t/ha [7.5 g SC/500 g soil]; and E = 40 t/ha [10 g SC/500 g soil]. The results show that the effect of 40 t/ha SC can increase NCA on the surface of soil colloids (ΔpH) by 43% in SF and 23% in HL-P. The effect of 40 t/ha SC on the two types of land has a significant effect on increasing pH H2O, EC, CEC, and OM composition, respectively, by 0.70; 0.04 dS/m; 44.30 cmol(+)/kg and 7.60% in SF and 0.33; 0.01 dS/m; 26.89 cmol(+)/kg and 3.00% in HL-P, compared to the control.


Contaminated soil; Horticultural land; Negative charge activity; Pesticide; Sub-bituminous coal

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v46i1.3616

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