Growth Characteristics of Chilli Pepper (Capsicum annuum) under the Effect of Magnetizing Water with Neodymium Magnets (NdFeB)

Etimad Alattar, Khitam Elwasife, Eqbal Radwan

Abstract


The present study aims to identify the impact of magnetized water on the growth characteristics of chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. A total of 80 chilli seeds were separated into four groups: the first group was watered with non-magnetized water, while the three groups were dampened with water magnetized using 3, 6, and 9 neodymium magnets (NdFeB), respectively. The findings revealed that magnetized water caused changes in the study parameters. Although the plants watered with magnetized water were taller than the plants watered with non-magnetized water, there were no significant differences between the four groups (p = 0.224). The results revealed that the stem thickness of chilli peppers is pretty affected by the magnetized water. There was no significant difference between the four treatments (p = 0.218). The current study found that the number of leaves is significantly influenced by watering with magnetized water (p = 0.015). The leaves of chilli peppers dampened with water treated with six magnets (74.50 ± 13.57) were the highest, and those saturated with non-magnetized were the lowest in number (60.00 ± 6.09) among four groups. The influence of magnetized water relies on the number of magnets utilized for magnetizing water.


Keywords


Chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants; Magnetic fields; Magnetized water; Neodymium magnets

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahamed, M. E. M., Elzaawely, A. A., & Bayoumi, Y. A. (2013). Effect of magnetic field on seed germination, growth and yield of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science, 5(3), 286–294. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajcs.2013.286.294

Aladjadjiyan, A. (2002). Study of the influence of magnetic field on some biological characteristics of Zea mais. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 3(2), 89–94. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/14389409.pdf

Alattar, E., & Radwan, E. (2020). Investigation of the effects of radio frequency water treatment on some characteristics of growth in pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 11(02), 22–48. https://doi.org/10.4236/abb.2020.112003

Alattar, E., Alwasife, K., & Radwan, E. (2020). Effects of treated water with neodymium magnets (NdFeB) on growth characteristics of pepper (Capsicum annuum). AIMS Biophysics, 7(4), 267–290. https://doi.org/10.3934/BIOPHY.2020021

Alattar, E., Elwasife, K. Y., Radwan, E. S., & Abuassi, W. A. (2019). Influence of magnetized water on the growth of corn (Zea mays) seedlings. Romanian Journal of Biophysics, 29(2), 1–12. Retrieved from https://www.rjb.ro/wp-content/uploads/Elwasife_3_F.pdf

Al-Khazan, M., Abdullatif, B. M., & Al-Assaf, N. (2011). Effects of magnetically treated water on water status, chlorophyll pigments and some elements content of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis L.) at different growth stages. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 5(9), 722–731. Retrieved from https://academicjournals.org/article/article1380372603_Al-Khazan et al.pdf

Almaghrabi, O. A., & Elbeshehy, E. K. F. (2012). Effect of weak electro magnetic field on grain germination and seedling growth of different wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars. Life Science Journal, 9(4), 1–8. Retrieved from http://www.lifesciencesite.com/lsj/life0904/247_12018life0904_1615_1622.pdf

Amiri, M. C., & Dadkhah, A. A. (2006). On reduction in the surface tension of water due to magnetic treatment. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 278(1), 252–255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.12.046

Atak, Ç., Çelik, Ö., Olgun, A., Alikamanoğlu, S., & Rzakoulieva, A. (2007). Effect of magnetic field on peroxidase activities of soybean tissue culture. Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment, 21(2), 166–171. https://doi.org/10.1080/13102818.2007.10817438

Chang, K.-T., & Weng, C.-I. (2006). The effect of an external magnetic field on the structure of liquid water using molecular dynamics simulation. Journal of Applied Physics, 100(4), 043917. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2335971

Chibowski, E., & Szcześ, A. (2018). Magnetic water treatment–A review of the latest approaches. Chemosphere, 203, 54–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.03.160

Dhawi, F., & Al-Khayri, J. M. (2009). Magnetic fields induce changes in photosynthetic pigments content in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seedlings. The Open Agriculture Journal, 3(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874331500903010001

El-Gizawy, A. M., Ragab, M. E., Helal, N. A. S., El-Satar, A., & Osman, I. H. (2016). Effect of magnetic field treatments on germination of true potato seeds, seedlings growth and potato tubers characteristics. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research, 5(1), 74–81. Retrieved from http://www.curresweb.com/mejar/mejar/2016/74-81.pdf

El-Zawily, A. E.-S., Meleha, M., El-Sawy, M., El-Attar, E.- H., Bayoumi, Y., & Alshaal, T. (2019). Application of magnetic field improves growth, yield and fruit quality of tomato irrigated alternatively by fresh and agricultural drainage water. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 181, 248–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.06.018

Eşİtken, A. (2003). Effects of magnetic fields on yield and growth in strawberry ‘Camarosa.’ The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 78(2), 145–147. https://doi.org/10.1080/14620316.2003.11511597

Feizi, H., Sahabi, H., Rezvani Moghaddam, P., Shahtahmassebi, N., Gallehgir, O., & Amirmoradi, S. (2012). Impact of intensity and exposure duration of magnetic field on seed germination of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 4(1), 116–120. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb417324

Higashitani, K., Kage, A., Katamura, S., Imai, K., & Hatade, S. (1993). Effects of a magnetic field on the formation of CaCO3 particles. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 156(1), 90–95. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1993.1085

Hilal, M. H., & Hilal, M. M. (2000). Application of magnetic technologies in desert agriculture. I- Seed germination and seedling emergence of some crops in a saline calcareous soil. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science, 40(3), 413–422. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20013038375

Hozayn, M., & Qados, A. M. S. A. (2010). A magnetic water application for improving wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) crop production. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North Americ, 1(4), 677–682. Retrieved from https://scihub.org/ABJNA/PDF/2010/4/1-4-677-682.pdf

Ijaz, B., Jatoi, S., Ahmad, D., Masood, M., & Siddiqui, S. (2012). Changes in germination behavior of wheat seeds exposed to magnetic field and magnetically structured water. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(15), 3575–3582. Retrieved from https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/view/100869

Iqbal, M., Muhammad, D., Zia-ul-Haq, Jamil, Y., & Raza Ahmad, M. (2012). Effect of pre-sowing magnetic field treatment to garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) seed on germination and seedling growth. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44(6), 1851–1856. Retrieved from https://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/PDFs/44(6)/05.pdf

Ji, A.-C., Xie, X. C., & Liu, W. M. (2007). Quantum magnetic dynamics of polarized light in arrays of microcavities. Physical Review Letters, 99(18), 183602. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.183602

Jogi, P. D., Dharmale, R. D., Dudhare, M. S., & Aware, A. A. (2015). Magnetic water: A plant growth stimulator improve mustard (Brassica nigra L.) crop production. Asian Journal of Bio Science, 10(2), 183–185. https://doi.org/10.15740/has/ajbs/10.2/183-185

Leelapriya, T., Dhilip, K. S., & Sanker Narayan, P. V. (2003). Effect of weak sinusoidal magnetic field on germination and yield of cotton (Gossypium spp.). Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 22(2–3), 117–125. https://doi.org/10.1081/JBC-120024621

Maheshwari, B. L., & Grewal, H. S. (2009). Magnetic treatment of irrigation water: Its effects on vegetable crop yield and water productivity. Agricultural Water Management, 96(8), 1229–1236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.03.016

Marks, N., & Szecowka, P. S. (2010). Impact of variable magnetic field stimulation on growth of aboveground parts of potato plants. International Agrophysics, 24(2), 165–170. Retrieved from http://www.international-agrophysics.o r g / I m p a c t - o f - v a r i a b l e - m a g n e t i c - f i e l d -stimulation-on-growth-of-aboveground-parts-ofpotato,106367,0,2.html

Martinez, E., Carbonell, M. V., & Amaya, J. M. (2000). A static magnetic field of 125 mT stimulates the initial growth stages of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Electro- and Magnetobiology, 19(3), 271–277. https://doi.org/10.1081/JBC-100102118

Matwijczuk, A., Kornarzyński, K., & Pietruszewski, S. (2012). Effect of magnetic field on seed germination and seedling growth of sunflower. International Agrophysics, 26(3), 271–278. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10247-012-0039-1

Mroczek-Zdyrska, M., Tryniecki, L., Kornarzyński, K., Pietruszewski, S., & Gagoś, M. (2016). Influence of magnetic field stimulation on the growth and biochemical parameters in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 05(06), 548–551. https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.2016.5.6.548-551

Nyakane, N. E., Markus, E. D., & Sedibe, M. M. (2019). The effects of magnetic fields on plants growth: A comprehensive review. International Journal of Food Engineering, 5(1), 79–87. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijfe.5.1.79-87

Osman, E. A. M., Abd El-Latif, K. M., Hussien, S. M., & Sherif, A. E. A. (2014). Assessing the effect of irrigation with different levels of saline magnetic water on growth parameters and mineral contents of pear seedlings. Global Journal of Scientific Researches, 2(5), 128–136. Retrieved from http://www.blue-ap.org/J/List/2/iss/volume 2 (2014)/issue 05/3.pdf#page=1&zoom=auto,-41,792

Patil, A. G. (2014). Device for magnetic treatment of irrigation water and its effects on quality and yield of banana plants. International Journal of Biological Sciences and Applications, 1(4), 152–156. Retrieved from http://www.fulviofrisone.com/attachments/article/554/9030755.pdf

Pazur, A., Schimek, C., & Galland, P. (2007). Magnetoreception in microorganisms and fungi. Central European Journal of Biology, 2(4), 597–659. https://doi.org/10.2478/s11535-007-0032-z

Podleśna, A., Bojarszczuk, J., & Podleśny, J. (2019). Effect of pre-sowing magnetic field treatment on some biochemical and physiological processes in faba bean (Vicia faba L. spp. Minor). Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 38(3), 1153–1160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00344-019-09920-1

Podleśny, J., Pietruszewski, S., & Podleśna, A. (2004). Efficiency of the magnetic treatment of broad bean seeds cultivated under experimental plot conditions. International Agrophysics, 18(1), 65–71. Retrieved from http://www.internationalagrophysics.org/Efficiency-of-the-magnetictreatment-of-broad-bean-seeds-ncultivatedunder-experimental,106680,0,2.html

Podsiadło, C., & Skorupa, B. (2017). Impact of magnetized water on germination energy of seeds and weight of garden savory (Satureja hortensis L.), buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum L.), yellow lupine (Lupinus luteus L.) and winter rape (Brassica napus L.) seedlings. Polish Academy of Sciences, 3(2), 1241–1250. https://doi.org/10.14597/infraeco.2017.3.2.095

Radhakrishnan, R. (2019). Magnetic field regulates plant functions, growth and enhances tolerance against environmental stresses. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 25(5), 1107–1119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-019-00699-9

Radhakrishnan, R., & Ranjitha Kumari, B. D. (2012). Pulsed magnetic field: A contemporary approach offers to enhance plant growth and yield of soybean. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 51, 139–144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.10.017

Sadeghipour, O., & Aghaei, P. (2013). Improving the growth of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) by magnetized water. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 3(1), 37–43. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.653.5317&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Saunders, R. (2005). Static magnetic fields: animal studies. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 87(2), 225–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2004.09.001

Selim, A.-F. H., & El-Nady, M. F. (2011). Physio-anatomical responses of drought stressed tomato plants to magnetic field. Acta Astronautica, 69(7-8), 387–396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2011.05.025

Shahin, M. M., Mashhour, A. M. A., & Abd-Elhady, E. S. E. (2016). Effect of magnetized irrigation water and seeds on some water properties, growth parameter and yield productivity of cucumber plants. Current Science International, 5(2), 152–164. Retrieved from http://www.curresweb.com/csi/csi/2016/152-164.pdf

Shine, M. B., Guruprasad, K. N., & Anand, A. (2011). Enhancement of germination, growth, and photosynthesis in soybean by pre-treatment of seeds with magnetic field. Bio Electro Magnetics, 32(6), 474–484. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.20656

Surendran, U., Sandeep, O., & Joseph, E. J. (2016). The impacts of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on plant, water and soil characteristics. Agricultural Water Management, 178, 21–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.08.016

Tahir, N., & Karim, H. (2010). Impact of magnetic application on the parameters related to growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(4), 175–184. Retrieved from http://jjbs.hu.edu.jo/files/v3n 6 مقر ثحبلا/ 4modified.pdf

Turker, M., Temirci, C., Battal, P., & Erez, M. E. (2007). The effects of an artificial and static magnetic field on plant growth, chlorophyll and phytohormone levels in maize and sunflower plants. Phyton - Annales Rei Botanicae, 46(2), 271–284. Retrieved from https://www.zobodat.at/pdf/PHY_46_2_0271-0284.pdf

Vashisth, A., & Joshi, D. K. (2017). Growth characteristics of maize seeds exposed to magnetic field. Bioelectromagnetics, 38(2), 151–157. https://doi.org/10.1002/bem.22023

Yusuf, K. O., & Ogunlela, A. O. (2015). Impact of magnetic treatment of irrigation water on the growth and yield of tomato. Notulae Scientia Biologicae, 7(3), 345–348. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb739532

Yusuf, K. O., & Ogunlela, A. O. (2017). Effects of deficit irrigation on the growth and yield of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) irrigated with magnetised water. Journal of Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 73(1), 59–68. Retrieved from https://erem.ktu.lt/index.php/erem/article/view/14138

Zablotskii, V., Polyakova, T., Lunov, O., & Dejneka, A. (2016). How a high-gradient magnetic field could affect cell life. Scientific Reports, 6(1), 37407. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep37407

Zaidi, N. S., Sohaili, J., Muda, K., & Sillanpää, M. (2014). Magnetic field application and its potential in water and wastewater treatment systems. Separation & Purification Reviews, 43(3), 206–240. https://doi.org/10.1080/15422119.2013.794148




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v43i2.2908

Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.