Drip vs. Mini-sprinkler Irrigation System on Leaf Water Potential and Various Vegetative Attributes of Annona squamosa under Lebanese Conditions

May Hammoud, Saleh Mobarak Alturk, Zeina El Sebaaly, Youssef Najib Sassine

Abstract


Recently, the introduction of tropical crops in Lebanon represented a challenge for farmers and researchers. Constraints to the adaptation of such crops, to climatic and soil conditions were found. In this study, an orchard of Annona trees (Sq/Ch combination) was irrigated by minisprinkler system and drip system, and compared to a control (not irrigated) over two consecutive years (year 4 and year 5 of the project). Compared to the control, plant height and leaf number were improved the most in year 5 by drip irrigation. Leaf water potential that peaked in the summer season in control plants (-1.8 MPa) was the lowest in plants irrigated by drip system (-1.3 MPa). No significant difference was observed between treatments in the number of lateral shoots. TDM of plant parts was improved by drip irrigation in both experimental years by 81 g (year 4) and by 258 g (year 5). LMF was significantly enhanced in year 5 by the mini-sprinkler system. RMF was the highest in trees irrigated by drip irrigation (0.265 g/g) and the lowest in the control (0.227 g/g). SMF was the highest in control trees in both experimental years. It seems that drip system presented an optimal method for the irrigation of annona.


Keywords


Adaptation; Annona; Lebanese climate; Localized irrigation; Plant vigor

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v43i2.2606

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