Effect of Water-Deficit Stress on the Selected Landraces and Improved Varieties of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Nepal

Seema Baniya, Lal Bahadur Thapa, Chandra Prasad Pokhrel

Abstract


Water stress is one of the adverse factors affecting growth, development and productivity of rice. It is crucial to explore the drought tolerant rice varieties and improve their quality for sustainable production for droughtprone environments. The aim of this study was to know the ability of selected landraces (Aapjhutta, Kartika, Aanadi and Jhapamansuli) and improved varieties (Khumal-8, Khumal-10, Khumal-11 and Chainung-242) of rice to tolerate water-deficit stress in Nepal. The rice plants were grown in polyethylene pots. The pots were watered for the first two days of seedling transplantation and then watering was stopped. Survival and survival probability of seedlings were calculated. In addition, the concentration of an osmolyte (proline) was estimated after complete death of the plants in each variety. Two rice varieties, Jhapamansuli and Aapjhutta showed the highest seedling survival under water-deficit stress than the improved and other rice varieties. Results indicated that these two varieties have the ability to survive better than others under the stress by accumulating a high amount of proline as a compatible solute. Thus, these varieties can be preserved and utilized for breeding activities to develop drought tolerant and high yielding varieties.


Keywords


Indigenous rice; Drought; Proline; Survival probability; Seedling survival

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adjao, R. T., & Staatz, J. M. (2015). Asian rice economy changes and implications for sub-Saharan Africa. Global Food Security, 5, 50–55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2014.11.002

Allen, C. D., Macalady, A. K., Chenchouni, H., Bachelet, D., McDowell, N., Vennetier, M., … & Cobb, N. (2010). A global overview of drought and heatinduced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 259(4), 660–684. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.09.001

Ashraf, M., Akram, N. A., Al-Qurainy, F., & Foolad, M. R. (2011). Drought tolerance: Roles of organic osmolytes, growth regulators, and mineral nutrients. Advances in Agronomy, 111, 249-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387689-8.00002-3

Auffhammer, M., Ramanathan, V., & Vincent, J. R. (2012). Climate change, the monsoon, and rice yield in India. Climatic Change, 111, 411–424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0208-4

Bates, L. S., Waldren, R. P., & Teare, I. D. (1973). Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39, 205–207. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00018060

Blum, A. (2017). Osmotic adjustment is a prime drought stress adaptive engine in support of plant production. Plant Cell and Environment, 40, 4-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12800

CDD. (2015). Rice varietal mapping in Nepal: implication for development and adoption. Lalitpur, Nepal. Retrieved from http://cddnepal.gov.np/downloadfile/Rice_Varietal_Mapping_1470895701_1512106555.pdf

Chalise, S., & Naranpanawa, A. (2016). Climate change adaptation in agriculture: A computable general equilibrium analysis of land-use change in Nepal. Land Use Policy, 59, 241–250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.09.007

Chen, H., & Jiang, J.-G. (2010). Osmotic adjustment and plant adaptation to environmental changes related to drought and salinity. Environmental Reviews, 18, 309–319. https://doi.org/10.1139/A10-014

Dai, A. (2013). Increasing drought under global warming in observations and models. Nature Climate Change, 3, 52–58. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate1633

Devkota, B. P., Acharya, P., & Pokhrel, G. (2016). Released and registered varieties of rice in Nepal and their distribution. In M. N. Paudel, D. R. Bhandari, M. P. Khanal, B. K. Joshi, P. Acharya, & K. H. Ghimire (Eds.), Rice Science and Technology in Nepal (A historical, socio-cultural and technical compendium) (pp. 131-136). Hariharbhawan: Crop Development Directorate (CDD); Lalitpur: Agronomy Society of Nepal (ASoN). Retrieved from http://cddnepal.gov.np/downloadfile/Rice_science_and_technology_1512106674.pdf

Dien, D. C., Thu, T. T. P., Moe, K., & Yamakawa, T. (2019). Proline and carbohydrate metabolism in rice varieties (Oryza sativa L.) under various drought and recovery conditions. Plant Physiology Reports, 24, 376-387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40502-019-00462-y

Fita, A., Rodríguez-Burruezo, A., Boscaiu, M., Prohens, J., & Vicente, O. (2015). Breeding and domesticating crops adapted to drought and salinity: A new paradigm for increasing food production. Frontiers in Plant Science, 6, 978. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2015.00978

Gregorio, G. B., Islam, M. R., Vergara, G. V., & Thirumeni, S. (2013). Recent advances in rice science to design salinity and other abiotic stress tolerant rice varieties. Sabrao Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 45(1), 31–41. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saminadane_Thirumeni/publication/282365544_sabrao_2013_45-1_31-41/links/560eb4ee08ae4833751713e9.pdf.

Gutaker, R. M., Groen, S. C., Bellis, E. S., Choi, J. Y., Pires, I. S., Bocinsky, R. K., ... & Purugganan, M. D. (2020). Genomic history and ecology of the geographic spread of rice. Nature Plants, 6(5), 492-502. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41477-020-0659-6

Haile, G. G., Tang, Q., Sun, S., Huang, Z., Zhang, X., & Liu, X. (2019). Droughts in East Africa: Causes, impacts and resilience. Earth-Science Reviews, 193, 146–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.04.015

Joshi, B. K. (2017). Local germplasm of rice in Nepa: Diversity, characters and uses. In M. N. Paudel, D. R. Bhandari, M. P. Khanal, B. K. Joshi, P. Acharya, & K. H. Ghimire (Eds.), Rice Science and Technology in Nepal (A historical, sociocultural and technical compendium) (pp. 158–178). Hariharbhawan: Crop Development Directorate (CDD); Lalitpur: Agronomy Society of Nepal (ASoN). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321329622_Local_germplasm_of_rice_in_Nepa_Diversity_characters_and_uses

Kaplan, E. L., & Meier, P. (1958). Nonparametric estimation from incomplete observations. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 53(282), 457–481. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1958.10501452

Kavi Kishor, P. B., & Sreenivasulu, N. (2014). Is proline accumulation per se correlated with stress tolerance or is proline homeostasis a more critical issue? Plant, Cell and Environment, 37(2), 300–311. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.12157

Kumar, S., Dwivedi, S. K., Basu, S., Kumar, G., Mishra, J. S., Koley, T. K., ... & Kumar, A. (2020). Anatomical, agro-morphological and physiological changes in rice under cumulative and stage specific drought conditions prevailed in eastern region of India. Field Crops Research, 245, 107658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2019.107658

Kumar, V., Shriram, V., Kavi Kishor, P. B., Jawali, N., & Shitole, M. G. (2010). Enhanced proline accumulation and salt stress tolerance of transgenic indica rice by over-expressing P5CSF129A gene. Plant Biotechnology Reports, 4, 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11816-009-0118-3

Lum, M. S., Hanafi, M. M., Rafii, Y. M., & Akmar, A. S. N. (2014). Effect of drought stress on growth, proline and antioxidant enzyme activities of upland rice. The Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 24(5), 1487–1493. Retrieved from http://www.thejaps.org.pk/docs/v-24-5/28.pdf

Luo, L. J. (2010). Breeding for water-saving and droughtresistance rice (WDR) in China. Journal of

Experimental Botany, 61(13), 3509–3517. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq185

Mahajan, G., Kumar, V., & Chauhan, B. S. (2017). Rice production in India. In B. S. Chauhan, K. Jabran, & G. Mahajan (Eds.), Rice Production Worldwide (1st ed., pp. 53–91). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47516-5_3

Marahatta, S. (2016). Chharuwa dhan kheti pravidi. Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur, Nepal: Agriculture Information and Research Center. Retrieved from https://doad.p5.gov.np/public/uploads/Pdffile/booklet%20DSR%20(1)-69910.pdf

Miyan, M. A. (2015). Droughts in Asian least developed countries: Vulnerability and sustainability. Weather and Climate Extremes, 7, 8–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2014.06.003

Muthayya, S., Sugimoto, J. D., Montgomery, S., & Maberly, G. F. (2014). An overview of global rice production, supply, trade, and consumption. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1324, 7–14. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12540

Mwadzingeni, L., Shimelis, H., Tesfay, S., & Tsilo, T. J. (2016). Screening of bread wheat genotypes for drought tolerance using phenotypic and proline analyses. Frontiers in Plant Science, 7, 1276. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01276

Nutan, K. K., Rathore, R. S., Tripathi, A. K., Mishra, M., Pareek, A., & Singla-Pareek, S. L. (2020). Integrating the dynamics of yield traits in rice in response to environmental changes. Journal of Experimental Botany, 71(2), 490-506. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erz364

Pandey, V., & Shukla, A. (2015). Acclimation and tolerance strategies of rice under drought stress. Rice Science, 22(4), 147–161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsci.2015.04.001

Per, T. S., Khan, N. A., Reddy, P. S., Masood, A., Hasanuzzaman, M., Khan, M. I. R., & Anjum, N. A. (2017). Approaches in modulating proline metabolism in plants for salt and drought stress tolerance: Phytohormones, mineral nutrients and transgenics. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 115, 126–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2017.03.018

Rahman, M. A., Kang, S. C., Nagabhatla, N., & Macnee, R. (2017). Impacts of temperature and rainfall variation on rice productivity in major ecosystems of Bangladesh. Agriculture and Food Security, 6, 10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0089-5

Sahoo, S., Saha, B., Awasthi, J. P., Omisun, T., Borgohain, P., Hussain, S., … & Panda, S. K. (2019). Physiological introspection into differential drought tolerance in rice cultivars of North East India. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 41, 53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-019-2841-x

Seaman, J. A., Sawdon, G. E., Acidri, J., & Petty, C. (2014). The household economy approach. Managing the impact of climate change on poverty and food security in developing countries. Climate Risk Management, 4-5, 59-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crm.2014.10.001

Seck, P. A., Diagne, A., Mohanty, S., & Wopereis, M. C. S. (2012). Crops that feed the world 7: Rice. Food Security, 4, 7-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-012-0168-1

Serraj, R., McNally, K. L., Slamet-Loedin, I., Kohli, A., Haefele, S. M., Atlin, G., & Kumar, A. (2011). Drought resistance improvement in rice: An integrated genetic and resource management strategy. Plant Production Science, 14(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1626/pps.14.1

Shrestha, A. B., & Aryal, R. (2011). Climate change in Nepal and its impact on Himalayan glaciers. Regional Environmental Change, 11(Suppl. 1), S65–S77. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-010-0174-9

Suprasanna, P., Nikalje, G. C., & Rai, A. N. (2016). Osmolyte accumulation and implications in plant abiotic stress tolerance. In N. Iqbal, R. Nazar, & N. A. Khan (Eds.), Osmolytes and plants acclimation to changing environment: Emerging omics technologies (pp. 1-12). Springer, New Delhi. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-81-322-2616-1_1

Szabados, L., & Savouré, A. (2010). Proline: A multifunctional amino acid. Trends in Plant Science, 15(2), 89-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2009.11.009

Teixeira, E. I., Fischer, G., van Velthuizen, H., Walter, C., & Ewert, F. (2013). Global hot-spots of heat stress on agricultural crops due to climate change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 170, 206-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.09.002

Thapa, L. B., Thapa, H., & Magar, B. G. (2015). Perception, trends and impacts of climate change in Kailali District, Far West Nepal. International Journal of Environment, 4(4), 62-76. https://doi.org/10.3126/ije.v4i4.14099

Tripathi, B. P., Mahato, R. K., Yadaw, R. B., Sah, S. N., & Adhikari, B. B. (2012). Adapting rice technologies to climate change. Hydro Nepal: Journal of Water, Energy and Environment, 11(1), 69-72.https://doi.org/10.3126/hn.v11i1.7209

Uga, Y., Sugimoto, K., Ogawa, S., Rane, J., Ishitani, M., Hara, N., … & Yano, M. (2013). Control of root system architecture by DEEPER ROOTING 1 increases rice yield under drought conditions. Nature Genetics, 45, 1097-1102. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.2725

Upreti, H. K. (2016). Distribution patterns of rice landraces in different agro-ecological zones of Nepal. In M. N. Paudel, D. R. Bhandari, M. P. Khanal, B. K. Joshi, P. Acharya, & K. H. Ghimire (Eds.), Rice Science and Technology in Nepal (A historical, socio-cultural and technical compendium) (pp. 152-157). Hariharbhawan: Crop Development Directorate (CDD); Lalitpur: Agronomy Society of Nepal (ASoN). Retrieved from http://cddnepal.gov.np/downloadfile/Rice_science_and_technology_1512106674.pdf

Xiong, J., Zhang, L., Fu, G., Yang, Y., Zhu, C., & Tao, L. (2012). Drought-induced proline accumulation is uninvolved with increased nitric oxide, which alleviates drought stress by decreasing transpiration in rice. Journal of Plant Research, 125, 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10265-011-0417-y

Xoconostle-Cázares, B., Ramírez-Ortega, F. A., FloresElenes, L., & Ruiz-Medrano, R. (2010). Drought tolerance in crop plants. American Journal of Plant Physiology, 5(5), 241-256. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajpp.2010.241.256

Zegaoui, Z., Planchais, S., Cabassa, C., Djebbar, R., Belbachir, O. A., & Carol, P. (2017). Variation in relative water content, proline accumulation and stress gene expression in two cowpea landraces under drought. Journal of Plant Physiology, 218, 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2017.07.009

Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Cheng, M., Jiang, H., Zhang, X., Peng, C., … & Jin, J. (2018). Effect of drought on agronomic traits of rice and wheat: A metaanalysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(5), 839. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050839

Zhang, P., Li, J., Li, X., Liu, X., Zhao, X., & Lu, Y. (2011). Population structure and genetic diversity in a rice core collection (Oryza sativa L.) investigated with SSR markers. PLoS ONE, 6(12), e27565. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027565




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v42i2.2554

Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.