Efficacy of Selected Plant Extracts to Control Leaf Miner (Lyriomyza spp.) in Chrysanthemum

Indijarto Budi Rahardjo, Budi Marwoto, Kurniawan Budiarto


The use of eco-friendly methods in controlling pest and diseases has become an increasing concern in production system in many economically important crops, including ornamentals. The application of plant extract that has an insecticidal effect is considered as one promising alternative in reducing the negative effects of synthetic pesticides. The research was conducted to assess selected plant extracts in several concentrations against leaf miner (Lyriomyza spp.) in chrysanthemum. The experiment was carried out from January to December 2017 under plastic house conditions at the Indonesian Ornamental Crops Research Institute (IOCRI). The extracted organ of insecticidal plants regularly sprayed into chrysanthemum plants and compared with water as the controls. The results showed that the application of insecticidal plants extracts reduced attack intensity and incidence from water treatment (control). Certain treatment combinations, Chinese mahogany leaf extract at the concentration of 0.25%, C. pyrethrum petal 0.15 and 0.30%, and chinaberry leaf at 0.3, 0.35% even had 0.9-3.13% lesser attack incidences than commercial botanical insecticide Neem Plus. The respected treatments also supressed more than 62% leaf miner attacks and induced the increase of marketable flowers.


Biological control; Chrysanthemum; Efficacy; Lyriomyza spp; Plant extracts

Full Text:



Ahmadi, M., Amiri-Besheli, B., & Hosieni, S. (2012). Evaluating the effect of some botanical insecticides on the citrus mealybug Planococcus citri (Risso) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(53), 11620–11624. DOI

Akashe, V. B., Gud, M. A., Shinde, S. K., & Deshpande, A. N. (2009). Bio-efficacy of botanicals and chemical insecticides for the control of castor leaf miner (Liriomyza trifolii Burgess) under dry land condition. International Journal of Plant Protection, 2(2), 248–250. Retrieved from PDF

Alves, D. S., Oliveira, D. F., Carvalho, G. A., Carvalho, D. ., Souza, L. P., & Lasmar, O. (2013). Selection of active plant extracts against the coffee leaf miner Leucoptera coffeella (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 15(3), 352–362. DOI

Andersen, A., An, T. T. T., & Nordhus, E. (2008). Distribution and importance of polyphagous Liriomyza species (Diptera, Agromyzidae) in vegetables in Vietnam. Norwegian Journal of Entomology, 55, 149–164. Retrieved from PDF

Ateyyat, M. A., & Abu-Darwish, M. S. (2009). Short communication. Insecticidal activity of different extracts of Rhamnus dispermus (Rhamnaceae) against peach trunk aphid, Pterochloroides persicae (Homoptera: Lachnidae). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(1), 160–164. DOI

Barati, R., Golmohammadi, G., Ghajarie, H., Zarabi, M., & Mansouri, R. (2013). The effects of some botanical insecticides and pymetrozine on life table parameters of silver leaf whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Pesticidi i Fitomedicina, 28(1), 47–55. DOI

Chow, A., & Heinz, K. M. (2006). Control of Liriomyza langei on chrysanthemum by Diglyphus isaea produced with a standard or modified parasitoid rearing technique. Journal of Applied Entomology, 130(2), 113–121. DOI

da Costa-Lima, T. C., das Chagas, M. C. M., & Parra, J. R. P. (2014). Temperature-dependent development of two neotropical parasitoids of Liriomyza sativae (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Journal of Insect Science, 14(1), 245. DOI

de Evert, M. B. T., López, V. A. G., & de López, M. B. R. (2015). Evaluation of plant extracts for the control of tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) growing undergreen house. Investigación Agraria, 17(2), 138–142. DOI

El-Wakeil, N. E. (2013). Botanical pesticides and their mode of action. Gesunde Pflanzen, 65, 125–149. DOI

Foba, C. N., Salifu, D., Lagat, Z. O., Gitonga, L. M., Akutse, K. S., & Fiaboe, K. K. M. (2015). Species composition, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Liriomyza leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) under different vegetable production systems and agroecological zones in Kenya. Environmental Entomology, 44(2), 223–232. DOI

Ismaeel, M., Hameed, M. S., Ahmed, N., Saif-Ur-Rehman, & Ahmed, S. (2016). Survey of the distribution of leaf miners on vegetables and other alternative host plants. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(4), 275–284. Retrieved from website

Jayanthi, P. D. K., & Verghese, A. (2007). Synergistic effect of insecticide-botanical mixtures on citrus leaf miner, Phyllocnistis citrella stainton. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems, 13(2), 128–133. Retrieved from website

Jones, V. P., Parrella, M. P., & Hodel, D. R. (1986). Biological control of leafminers in greenhouse chrysanthemums. California Agriculture, pp. 10–12. Retrieved from website

Karunaratne, U. K. P. R., & Karunaratne, M. M. S. C. (2012). Evaluation of methanol, ethanol and acetone extracts of four plant species as repellents against Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.). Vidyodaya Journal of Science, 17(1), 1–8. Retrieved from website

Li, G. (2012). Effect of botanical insecticide of Macleya cordata on physiology and biochemistry of cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.). IERI Procedia, 3, 156–161. DOI

Marsh, T. L., & Gallardo, K. (2009). Adopting biological control for ornamental crops in greenhouses. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 4(022), 1–9. DOI

Mujica, N., & Kroschel, J. (2011). Leafminer fly (Diptera: Agromyzidae) occurrence, distribution, and parasitoid associations in field and vegetable crops along the Peruvian coast. Environmental Entomology, 40(2), 217–230. DOI

Mujica, N., Valencia, C., Ramírez, L., Prudencio, C., & Kroschel, J. (2009). Temperature-dependent development of three parasitoids of the leafminer fly Liriomyza huidobrensis. In 15th International Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops (pp. 171–177). Retrieved from PDF

Nonci, N., & Muis, A. (2011). Bioekologi dan pengendalian pengorok daun Liriomyza chinensis Kato (Diptera: Agromyzidae) pada bawang merah. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 30(4), 148–155. DOI

Pavela, R. (2009). Effectiveness of some botanical insecticides against Spodoptera littoralis Boisduvala (Lepidoptera: Noctudiae), Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Plant Protection Science, 45(4), 161–167. DOI

Puripattanavong, J., Songkram, C., Lomlim, L., & Amnuaikit, T. (2013). Development of concentrated emulsion containing Nicotiana tabacum extract for use as pesticide. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3(11), 016–021. DOI

Rahardjo, I. B., Budiarto, K., & Marwoto, B. (2019). Evaluation of biological and chemical fungicides to control white rust in chrysanthemum grown under open condition. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 41(1), 55–63. DOI

Ribeiro, A. V., Luz, C. E. A., Bastos, C. S., Krieger, Y. S. T., da Silva, N. H., & da Silva, W. B. (2017). Toxicity of botanical and synthetic formulations to the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomologia, 43(2), 167–172. DOI

Sanchez, C., Gallego, J. R., Gamez, M., & Cabello, T. (2014). Intensive biological control in Spanish greenhouses: problems of the success. International Journal of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, 8(10), 1015–1019. DOI

Shareef, M. F., Raza, A. B. M., Majeed, M. Z., Ahmed, K. S., Raza, W., & Hussain, H. F. (2016). Effect of botanicals on the infestation of citrus leaf miner, Phyllocnistis citrella stainton. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(4), 1335–1340. Retrieved from website

Sharma, A., Diwevidi, V. D., Singh, S., Pawar, K. K., Jerman, M., Singh, L. B., … Srivastawa, D. (2013). Biological control and its important in agriculture. International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering Research, 4(3), 175–180. Retrieved from PDF

Shawan, S. I., Rashed, R. U., Mitu, A. S., & Jahan, M. (2018). Efficacy of different chemical and botanical insecticides in controlling mango hopper (Amritodusatkinsoni L.). Advances in Plants & Agriculture Research, 8(2), 127–131. DOI

Shinde, S. S., Neharkar, P. S., Dhurve, N. G., Sawai, H. R., Lavhe, N. V, & Masolkar, D. S. (2017). Evaluation of different insecticides against citrus leaf miner on Nagpur mandarin. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(6), 1889–1892. Retrieved from PDF

Tomczyk, A., Kropczyńska, D., Ptak, A., Titova, M., Shumiło, N., Oreshnikov, A., … Furmanowa, M. (2007). Effect of Polyscias filicifolia bailey extracts on the behavior of the leaf miner Cameraria ohridella deschka and dimic on horse chestnut trees. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia Series Botanica, 49(1), 55–60. Retrieved from PDF

Xavier, V. M., Message, D., Picanço, M. C., Chediak, M., Santana Júnior, P. A., Ramos, R. S., & Martins, J. C. (2015). Acute toxicity and sublethal effects of botanical insecticides to honey bees. Journal of Insect Science, 15(1), 137. DOI

Zhong, B., Lv, C., & Qin, W. (2017). Effectiveness of the botanical insecticide azadirachtin against Tirathaba rufivena (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Florida Entomologist, 100(2), 215–218. DOI

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v42i1.2219


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.