Study on Trap Barrier System Towards Rodent Population and Rice Production in Tidal-Area of South Sumatera Indonesia

Yulia Pujiastuti, Kristian B. Sitompul, Suparman Suparman, Hastin WS Weni, Siti Herlinda, Buyung A. Hadi


Rice cultivation in tidal area faces many obstacles. Rodent is one of important pests attacking rice both in vegetative and generative phases. The objectives of this research were to study the rat species and population, footprints, symptoms and level of rice damage and rice production by Trap Barrier System (TBS). The study was conducted in Jalur 6 of Muara Telang Banyuasin district, South Sumatera, 2016-2017. The research was carried out in two hectares of rice field with one hectare TBS and one-hectare non-TBS. Observation of rat population was done three times, during vegetative stage (30 days after planting/dap), reproductive stage (65 daps) and ripening stage (100 daps). One species of rats had been found namely Rattus argentiventer. In non-TBS, rat population was lower. However, in the damage level, the rat population was higher than in TBS. The number of R. argentiventer male captured was more extensive than the female. The number of footprints did not represent the number of rodents caught. The existence of rat footprints was indicating the existence of rat effort to approach the rice plant. The yield of rice was higher in TBS area.


Control; Footprints; Rattus argentiventer; Trap Barrier System

Full Text:



Adam, M., Marwa, T., Husni Thamrin, K., & Bashir, A. (2017). Analysis of rice distribution in South Sumatera, Indonesia. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 7(3), 166–171. Retrieved from website

Aplin, K. P., Brown, P. R., Jacob, J., Krebs, C. J., & Singleton, G. R. (2003). Field methods for rodent studies in Asia and the Indo-Pacific. Bruce ACT, AU: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Retrieved from website

Brown, P. R., Leung, L. K.-P., Sudarmaji, & Singleton, G. R. (2003). Movements of the ricefield rat, Rattus argentiventer, near a trap-barrier system in rice crops in West Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Pest Management, 49(2), 123–129. crossref

Chaval, Y. (2011, November 7-11). South East Asian murines field guide. Paper presented at Training/Workshop: “Rodent survey: from trapping to pathogen screening”, Kasetsart University, Thailand. Community Ecology of Rodents and their Pathogens in South-East Asia (CERoPath). website

Hasler, N., Klette, R., Rosenhahn, B., & Agnew, W. (2004). Footprint recognition of rodents and insects. Retrieved from website

IRRI. (2016). Rats. Rice Knowledge Bank. Retrieved from website

Jacob, J., Sudarmaji, Singleton, G. R., Rahmini, Herawati, N. A., & Brown, P. R. (2010). Ecologically based management of rodents in lowland irrigated rice fields in Indonesia. Wildlife Research, 37, 418–427. crossref

Kabir, M. M. M., & Hossain, M. M. (2014). Effect of Trap Barrier System (TBS) in rice field rat management. Applied Science Reports, 8(1), 9–12. crossref

Mulungu S, L., Lopa, H., & Mdangi, E. M. (2016). Comparative study of population dynamics and breeding patterns of Mastomys natalensis in System Rice Intensification (SRI) and conventional rice production in irrigated rice ecosystems in Tanzania. Rice Research: Open Access, 4, 161. crossref

Ngurah Arya, N., Mahaputra, I. K., & Suharyanto. (2017). The efforts for productivity and income improvement of rice farming through the use new superior variety (case study). AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research, 3(1), 1–6. crossref

Nisma, A., Sriati, Najib, A., & Maryadi. (2017). Potential for revitalization of institutional rice farming ecosystem with ing in the Ogan Komering Ilir district of South Sumatra province. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 6(66), 315–322. Retrieved from PDF

Rani, D. S., Rao, C. V. N., & Suryanaryana, Y. (2014). Evaluation of various integrated rodent management modules in irrigated rice ecosystem. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 4(3), 93–99. Retrieved from PDF

Roomaney, R., Ehrlich, R., & Rother, H.-A. (2012). The acceptability of rat trap use over pesticides for rodent control in two poor urban communities in South Africa. Environmental Health, 11(32), 1–6. crossref

Sarwar, M. (2015). Species complex, damage pattern and efficiency of rodenticides in controlling rodents attacking rice (Oryza sativa L.) fields. International Journal of Animal Biology, 1(5), 202–208. Retrieved from PDF

Singleton, G. (2003). Impacts of rodents on rice production in Asia. IRRI Discussion Paper Series (Vol. 45). Los Baños, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Retrieved from PDF

Singleton, G. R., Belmain, S., Brown, P. R., Aplin, K., & Htwe, N. M. (2010). Impacts of rodent outbreaks on food security in Asia. Wildlife Research, 37(5), 355–359. crossref

Yuan, G., Russell, J., Klette, R., Rosenhahn, B., & Stones-Havas, S. (2005). Understanding tracks of different species of rats. In Proc. Int. Conference of Image Vision Computing (pp. 493--499). New Zealand. Retrieved from PDF



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.