Selection Strategy of Drought Tolerance of Red Rice Mutant Lines

Eries D. Mustikarini, Noer Rahmi Ardiarini, Nur Basuki, Kuswanto Kuswanto

Abstract


Most of Indonesian red rice is not grown in dry land. New varieties could be breeded through mutation breeding. This research objective was to evaluate the selection strategy of drought tolerant on red rice. The study was conducted on ultisol soil in Bangka Belitung Province, Indonesia, in February 2012-February 2015. It consisted of three activities, selection M5, evaluation of selected M5 and evaluation of drought critical period on selected M6. Mutant of M5 was selected and evaluated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) -0.5 MPa and less of soil moisture. Selected M6 was evaluated to observe a critical period of drought stress. Evaluation with PEG produces five superior mutants that more vigor than the elders. Selection on low humidity shows that M5-GR150-1-9 produces higher filled grain and weight filled grain than other mutants and elders. The selected red rice line M5-GR150-1-9-13, has a better tolerance towards drought than its control. It could be obtained such mutant lines which have a high yield, early maturing and drought tolerant from the result of six generations gamma irradiation mutant selection.

Keywords


drought; gamma; mutant; red rice; selection

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adachi, Y., Kimura, K., Saigusa, M., Ohyama, T., Takahashi, Y., & Watanabe, H. (2014). Growth promoting effect of L-β-phenyllactic acid on rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling grown under polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced water deficit condition. Plant Root, 8, 64-71. crossref

Ahadiyat, Y. R., Hidayat, P., & Susanto, U. (2012). Selection of upland rice genotypes on drought tolerance and P efficiency at laboratory and screen house levels. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 8(2), 453–463. Retrieved from http://www.ijat-aatsea.com/pdf/v8_n2_12_March/5_IJAT_2012_8_2__Yugi_R.pdf PDF

Allard, R. W., & Bradshaw, A. D. (1964). Implications of genotype-environmental interactions in applied plant breeding. Crop Science, 4, 503-508. Retrieved from https://dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/cs/abstracts/4/5/CS0040050503 website

Aryana, I G. P. M. (2009). Adaptasi dan stabilitas hasil galur-galur padi beras merah pada tiga lingkungan tumbuh [Adaptation and yield stability of red rice lines in three growing environments]. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 37(2), 95-100. Retrieved from http://jesl.journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jurnalagronomi/article/download/1400/498 website

Aryana, I G. P. M., Basuki, N., & Kuswanto. (2011). Sidik lintas padi beras merah pada tiga lingkungan tumbuh berbeda [Path analys of red rice at three different growing environments]. Agroteksos, 21(1), 1-10. Retrieved from http://fp.unram.ac.id/data/2012/04/21-1_01-Muliarta-Rev-Sudantha.pdf PDF

Asch, F., Dingkuhn, M., Sow, A., & Audebert, A. (2005). Drought-induced changes in rooting patterns and assimilate partitioning between root and shoot in upland rice. Field Crops Research, 93(2–3), 223–236. crossref

Ballo, M., Nio, S. A., Mantiri, F. R., & Pandiangan, D. (2012). Respons morfologis beberapa varietas padi (Oryza sativa L.) terhadap kekeringan pada fase perkecambahan [Morphological response of some rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars to water deficit at the seedling stage]. Bioslogos, 2(2), 88-95. Retrieved from http://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/bioslogos/article/view/1045 website

Bos, I., & Caligari, P. (2008). Selection methods in plant breeding (2nd ed.). Dordecth, NL: Springer. crossref

Chutia, J. & Borah, S. P. (2012). Water stress effects on leaf growth and chlorophyll content but not the grain yield in traditional rice (Oryza sativa Linn.) genotypes of Assam, India. II. Protein and proline status in seedlings under PEG induced water stress. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 3, 971-980. crossref

Degenkolbe, T., Do, P. T., Zuther, E., Repsilber, D., Walther, D., Hincha, D. K., & Köhl, K. I. (2009). Expression profiling of rice cultivars differing in their tolerance to long-term drought stress. Plant Molecular Biology, 69(1–2), 133–153. crossref

Effendi, Y. (2008). Kajian resistensi beberapa varietas padi gogo (Oryza sativa L.) terhadap cekaman kekeringan [A study of resistance in several varieties of upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) on drought stress] (Master Thesis). Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret. Retrieved from http://eprints.uns.ac.id/5389/1/1_(7).pdf PDF

Farooq, M., Wahid, A., Kobayashi, N., Fujita, D., & Basra, S. M. A. (2009). Plant drought stress: Effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 29(1), 185–212. crossref

Guimarães, E. P. (2009). Rice Breeding. In M. J. Carena (Ed.), Handbook of plant breeding: Cereals (pp. 99–126). New York, USA: Springer Sciences Publication. crossref

IAARD. (2012). INPAGO 7: Beras merahnya padi gogo []. AGROINOVASI Sinartani, Edisi 4-10 Juli 2012, No. 3464, 2-5. Retrieved from http://www.litbang.pertanian.go.id/download/one/277/file/Beras-Merahnya-Padi-Gogo.pdf PDF

Kaydan, D., & Yagmur, M. (2008). Germination, seedling growth and relative water content of shoot in different seed sizes of triticale under osmotic stress of water and NaCl. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(16), 2862-2868. Retrieved from http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajb/article/download/59184/47486 website

Kumar, A. (2011). Breeding rice for drought tolerance and adaptation to climate change. Rice Knowledge Management Portal (RKMP) Directorate of Rice Research, 1-29. Retrieved from http://www.rkmp.co.in/sites/default/files/ris/research-themes/Breeding%20rice%20for%20drought%20tolerance%20and%20adaptation%20to%20climate%20change.pdf PDF

Lestari, E. G., & Mariska, I. (2006). Identifikasi somaklon padi Gajahmungkur, Towuti dan IR 64 tahan kekeringan menggunakan polyethylene glycol [Drought tolerance identification of Gajahmungkur, Towuti, and IR 64 rice somaclones using polyethylene glycol]. Buletin Agronomi, 34(2), 71-78. Retrieved from http://download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=84112&val=194&title=Identifikasi%20Somaklon%20Padi%20Gajahmungkur,%20Towuti%20dan%20IR%2064%20Tahan%20Kekeringan%20Menggunakan%20Polyethylene%20Glycol website

Maisura, Chozin, M. A., Lubis, I., Junaedi, A., & Ehara, H. (2014). Some physiological character responses of rice under drought conditions in a paddy system. Journal of the International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences, 20(1), 104–114. Retrieved from http://www.issaas.org/journal/v20/01/journal-issaas-v20n1-09-maisura_at_al.pdf PDF

Nassir, A. L., & Adewusi, K. M. (2012). Performance of established and improved interspecific rice genotypes under variable soil moisture. Experimental Agriculture & Horticulture, 12(1), 1-11. Retrieved from http://www.bapress.ca/eah/v1n2/Adesola%20L.%20Nassir.pdf PDF

Pandey, A., Kumar, A., Pandey, D. S., & Thongbam, P. D. (2014). Rice quality under water stress. Indian Journal of Advances in Plant Research (IJAPR), 1(2), 23-26. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/262877652_Rice_quality_under_water_stress website

Sokoto, M. B., & Muhammad, A. (2014). Response of rice varieties to water stress in Sokoto, Sudan Savannah, Nigeria. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 2, 68–74. crossref

Sudharmawan, A. A. K. (2010). Analisis rerata generasi hasil persilangan dua varietas padi tahan terhadap cekaman kekeringan [Means analysis of generation produced from hybridization of two drought stress resistant rice varieties]. Crop Agro, 3(1), 72-75. http://fp.unram.ac.id/data/2012/05/10Agung-Vol.3_No.1_Januari-2010.pdf PDF

Supriyanto, B. (2013). Pengaruh cekaman kekeringan terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil padi gogo lokal kultivar jambu (Oryza sativa Linn) [Infuences of water stress to growth and yields of Jambu local up land rice (Oryza sativa Linn)]. Jurnal AGRIFOR, XII(1), 77-82. Retrieved from http://download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=183677&val=6381&title=PENGARUH%20CEKAMAN%20KEKERINGAN%20TERHADAP%20PERTUMBUHAN%20DAN%20HASIL%20PADI%20GOGO%20LOKAL,%20KULTIVAR%20JAMBU website

Syukur, M., Sujiprihati, S., & Yunianti, R. (2010, June 1). Teknik pemuliaan tanaman [Plant breeding technique]. Retrieved from http://achamad.staff.ipb.ac.id/wp-content/plugins/as-pdf/M.%20Syukur-Teknik%20Pemuliaan%20Tanaman.pdf PDF

Utama, M. Z. H. (2015). Budidaya padi pada lahan marjinal, kiat meningkatkan produksi padi [Rice cultivation on marginal land, tips to increase rice production]. Yogyakarta, ID: AndiPublisher.

Zain, N. A. M., Ismail, M. R., Mahmood, M., Puteh, A., & Ibrahim, M. H. (2014). Alleviation of water stress effects on mr220 rice by application of periodical water stress and potassium fertilization. Molecules, 19(2), 1795–1819. crossref

Zubaer, M. A., Chowdhury, A. K. M. M. B., Islam, M. Z., Ahmed, T., & Hasan, M. A. (2007). Effects of water stress on growth and yield attributes of aman rice genotypes. International Journal of Sustainable Crop Production (IJSCP), 2(6), 25-30. Retrieved from http://ggfjournals.com/assets/uploads/6.25-30_.pdf PDF




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v39i1.648

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.