Maswar Maswar, Yoyo Soelaeman


An effort to increase the yield and reduce carbon loss from maize farming practices on Ultisols largely depend on fertilizer inputs and in situ crop residual management. The experiment aimed to estimate yields, biomass production and carbon dynamics of several management fertilization on maize farming practice on Ultisols has been conducted from March to July 2013 in Taman-bogo Experimental Farm, East Lampung. The experiment was set up as a randomized complete blockdesign, consisted of 6 treatments namely: 5 t ha-1 of cattle manure, 5 t ha-1of dried sludge manure, and its combination with 200 kg urea ha-1 + 125 kg SP36 ha-1 + 50 kg KCl ha-1 (50% of recommended dose of inorganic fertilizers “RDIF”) and 75% of RDIF. The experimental results revealed that application of combined organic with inorganic fertilizers increased the biomass production, carbon fixation, and grain yield significantly. More than 50% of produced biomass and fixed carbon (grain, maize cob, maize husk, stems and leaves) were removed from maize farming. The use of organic fertilizer combined with NPK fertilizer at 50% of RDIF can be applied to increase the biomass production, organic carbon fixation and maize grain yield in sustainable ways.


biomass; carbon; fertilizer; maize

Full Text:



Adiningsih, J.S. and M. Sudjadi. 1993. Role of alley cropping in increasing soil fertility of acidic arid soils (in Indonesian). Proceedings of the Soil and Agroclimate Seminar. Bogor: Indonesian Soil and Agro-climate Research Center.

Ayodele, O.J. and O.S. Shittu. 2014. Fertilizer, lime and manure amendments for ultisols formed on coastal plain sands of southern Nigeria. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 3 (6): 481-488. doi: 10.11648/j.aff.20140306.17

Bot, A. and J. Benites. 2005. The importance of soil organic matter: Key to drought-resistant soil and sustained food and production. FAO Soils Bulletin 80. p. 95.

Fageria, N.K. and V.C. Baligar. 2008. Chapter 7: Ameliorating soil acidity of tropical oxisols by liming for sustainable crop production. Advances in Agronomy 99: 345-399. crossref

Guo, L.G. 2010. Potential of biogas production from livestock manure in China: GHG emission abatement from manure-biogas-digestate system. Master’s Thesis. Department of Energy and Environment, Division of Energy Technology. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology. p. 96.

ISRI. 2012. Annual Report 2012: Soil management research based on carbon efficiency to support land and crops productivity (in Indonesian). Indonesian Soil Research Institute. Bogor: Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development.

Karlen, D.L., N.C. Wollenhaupt, D.C. Erbach, E.C. Berry, J.B. Swan, N.S. Eash and J.L. Jordahl. 1994. Crop residue effects on soil quality following 10-years of no-till corn. Soil and Tillage Research 31 (2-3): 149-167. crossref

Kasryno, F. and H. Soeparno. 2012. Dryland agriculture as a solution to achieve future food independence (in Indonesian). In: Prospects of dryland agriculture to support food security. Jakarta: Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. pp. 11-34.

Littell, R.C., R.J. Freund and P.C. Spector. 1991. SAS system for linear models, Third Edition: SAS series in statistical applications. North Carolina: SAS Institute. p. 352.

Mann, L., V. Tolbert and J. Cushman. 2002. Potential environmental effects of corn (Zea mays L.) stover removal with emphasis on soil organic matter and erosion. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 89 (3): 149-166. crossref

Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Methods of soil analysis. Part 3 - Chemical methods. D.L. Sparks, A.L. Page, P.A. Helmke, R.H. Loeppert, P.N. Soltanpour, M.A. Tabatabai, C.T. John-ston and M.E. Sumner (eds.). Madison: Soil Science Society of America. pp. 961-1010.

Oldeman, L.R., I. Las and R.N. Darwis. 1979. An agroclimatic map of Sumatra. Bogor: Central Research Institute for Agriculture. p. 35.

Pribyl, D.W. 2010. A critical review of the conventional SOC to SOM conversion factor. Geoderma 156 (3-4): 75-83. crossref

Sharma, A.R. and B.N. Mittra. 1991. Effect of different rates of application of organic and nitrogen fertilizers in a rice-based cropping system. The Journal of Agricultural Science 117 (3): 313-318. crossref

Singh, U., P.W. Wilkens, J. Henao, S.H. Chien, D.T. Hellums and L.L. Hammond. 2003. An expert system for estimating agronomic effectiveness of freshly applied phosphate rock. In: Direct application of phosphate rock and related appropriate technology - latest developments and practical experiences. S.S. Rajan and S.H. Chien (eds.). Proceedings of an International Meeting, July 16-20, 2001. Kuala Lumpur. pp. 214-224.

Soepardi, G.H. 2001. Agribusiness farming strategy based on land resources (in Indonesian). Proceedings of the National Land Re-source Management and Fertilizer, Book I. October 30-31, 2001. Bogor: Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. p. 35-52.

Subagyo, H., N. Suharta and A.B. Siswanto. 2004. Agricultural lands in Indonesia (in Indonesian). In: Indonesia’s land resources and their management. A. Adimihardja, L.I. Amien, F. Agus and D. Djaenudin (eds.). Bogor: Indonesian Center of Soil and Agro-climate Research and Development. p. 21-66.

Widjaja-Adhi, I.P.G. 1985. Liming of acid soil for soybeans (in Indonesian). In: Soybeans. S. Somaatmadja, M.I. Sumarno, M. Syam, S.O. Manurung and Yuswadi (eds.). Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development. pp. 171-188.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v38i2.594

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/