Bakri Bakri, Momon Sodik Imanudin, S. Masreah Bernas


Corn production obtained was 6.4 t ha-1. This condition was very promising though still below the maximum national production. The aapplications of subsurface drainage was still not optimumum due to the supply of water from the main system was not the same because of the soil physical properties diversity and topography differences.This condition implied that installation of sub-surface drainage at dry season had function as water retention, not as water discharge. There-fore, network function was inverted from water discharge into water retention. It had impact on the development of optimum water surface that flow in capillary mode to fulfill the crop’s water requirement. Farming constraint at tidal lowland area is about water management related to the nature of excessive water during wet season and insuf-ficient water during dry season. This field research objectives was to find out the corn crop culti-vation in August 2014 which entered dry season.The iinstallation of subsurface drainage that previously had functioned as water discharge was converted into water retention. The research results showed that corn had grown well during peak dry season period (October) in which water table was at –50 cm below soil surface, whereas water table depth was dropped to –70 cm below soil surface in land without subsurface drainage.


corn; subsurface drainage; tidal low-lands; water retention

Full Text:



Alavijeh, B.G. and A.M. Liaghat. 2009. Evaluation of soil texture data for estimating soil water retention curve. Can. J. Soil Sci. 89 (4): 461-471. crossref

Antonelli, J., C.A. Lindino, R.F. Santos, S. Nelson, M. deSouza, W.C. Nadaletti, P. Cremonez and E. Rossi. 2015. Sunflower culture response under different water table depths. J. Food Agric. Environ. 13 (2): 259-261.

Bakri, M.S. Imanudin and S. Masreah. 2014. The study of subsurface drainage for corn cultivation on tidal lowland Telang II South Sumatera. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Suboptimal Land 2014.Palembang. September 26-27, 2014. p. 1-9.

Beltrao, J., A.A. Da Silva and J.B. Asher. 1996. Modeling the effect of capillary water rise in corn yield in Portugal. Irrig. Drain. 10(2): 179-189. crossref

Callaghan, M.V, E.E. Cey and L.R. Bentley. 2014. Hydraulic conductivity dynamics during salt leaching of a sodic, structured subsoil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 78 (5): 1563-1574. crossref

Elmi, A., R. Gordon, C. Madramootoo and A. Madani. 2005. Water table management practice for reducing nitrate accumulation in the soil profile under corn production. Can. Biosystems Engineering. 47: 23-28.

FAO. 2015. Crop water information: Maize. Land and Water Division. FAO Water Development and Management Unit. http:// www.fao.org/nr/water/cropinfo_maize.html

Imanudin, M.S., M.E. Armanto, R.H. Susanto and S.T. Bernas. 2010. Water status evaluation on tertiary block for developing land use pattern and water management strategies in acid sulfat soil of saleh tidal lowland reclamation areas of South Sumatera. Agrivita 32 (3): 241-253.

Imanudin, M.S., M.E. Armanto and R.H. Susanto. 2011. Developing seasonal operation for water table management in tidal lowland reclamations areas at South Sumatera, Indonesia. J. Trop. Soil 16 (3): 233-244. crossref

Imanudin, M.S. and M.E. Armanto. 2012. Effect of water management improvement on soil nutrient content, iron and aluminum solubility at tidal low land area. APCBEE Procedia 4: 253-258. crossref

Imanudin, M.S. and Bakri. 2014. The study of corn cultivation under rainy season in tidal lowland reclamation to support index cropping system 300% (in Indonesian). Proceeding National Seminar INACID Palembang, South Sumatera. May 16-17, 2014. p. 141-151.

Imanudin, M.S and R.H. Susanto. 2015. Intensive agriculture of peat land areas to reduce carbon emission and fire prevention (A case study in Tanjung Jabung Timur tidal lowland reclamation Jambi). Proceeding The 1st Young Scientist International Conference of Water Resources Development and Environmental Protection. Malang, Indonesia. June 5-7, 2015.

Ityel, E., A. Ben-Gal, M. Silberbush and N. Lazarovitch. 2014. Increased root zone oxygen by a capillary barrier is beneficial to bell pepper irrigated with brackish water in an arid region. Agr. Water Manage. 131: 108-114. crossref

Kahlown, M.A., M. Iqbal, G.V. Skogerboe and S. ur Rehman. 1998. Waterlogging, salinity and crop yield relationships. Fordwah Eastern Sadiqia (South) Irrigation and Drainage Project. Mona Reclamation Experimental Project: Wapda. Inter-national Irrigation Management Institute: Pakistan. Pakistan National Program XIII. IWMI Pakistan Report R-073/IIMI Pakistan Report R-073/MREP Report 233. pp. 99. crossref

Kanwar, R.S., J.L. Baker and S. Mukhtar. 1988. Excessive soil water effects at various stages of development on the growth and yield of corn. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng. 31 (1): 133-141.

Karimov, A.K., J. Simunek, M.A. Hanjra, M. Avliyakulov and I. Forkutsa. 2014. Effects of the shallow water table on water use of winter wheat and eco-system health: Implications for unlocking the potential of groundwater in the Fergana Valley (Central Asia). Agr. Water Manage. 131: 57-69. crossref

Lamm, F.R. and T.P. Trooien. 2005. Dripline depth effects on corn production when crop establishment is nonlimiting. Appl. Eng. Agric. 21 (5): 835-840.

Liu, T. and Y. Luo. 2011. Effects of shallow water tables on the water use and yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under rain-fed condition. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 5 (13): 1692-1697.

Nelson, K.A. and R.L. Smoot. 2012. Corn hybrid response to water management practices on claypan soil. Int. J. Agron. p. 1-10. crossref

Nosetto, M.D., E.G. Jobbagy, R.B. Jackson and G.A. Sznaider. 2009. Reciprocal influence of crops and shallow ground water in sandy landscapes of the Inland Pampas. Field Crop Res. 113: 138-148. crossref

Sabaruddin, L., R. Hasid, Muhidin and A.A. Anas. 2011. The growth, yield and land use efficiency of maize and mungbean under intercropping system with different watering intervals (in Indonesian). J. Agron. Indonesia 39 (3): 153-159.

Satchithanantham, S., V. Krahn, R.S. Ranjan and S. Sager. 2014. Shallow groundwater uptake and irrigation water redis-tribution within the potato root zone. Agr. Water Manage. 132: 101-110. crossref

Saxton, K.E. and W.J. Rawls. 2006. Soil water characteristic estimates by texture and organic matter for hydrologic solutions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70 (5): 1569-1578. crossref

Sutardjo, Sulastri and W. Nawfetrias. 2011. Production optimization of four hybrid corn varieties in Kertosono, Nganjuk (in Indonesian). J. Sains and Technol. Indonesia 14 (1): 76-80.

Tan, C.S., C.F. Drury, J.D. Gaynor, T.W. Welacky and W.D. Reynolds. 2002. Effect of tillage and water table control on evapo-transpiration, surface runoff, tile drain-age and soil water content under maize on a clay loam soil. Agr. Water Manage. 54 (3): 173-188. crossref

Tan, C.S., C.F. Drury, J.D. Gaynor and H.Y.F. Ng. 1999. Effect of controlled drainage and sub-irrigation on subsurface tile drainage nitrate loss and crop yield at the farm scale. Can. Water Resour. J. 24 (3): 177-186. crossref

Williams, M.R., K.W. King and N.R. Fausey. 2015. Drainage water management effects on tile discharge and water quality. Agr. Water Manage. 148: 43-51. crossref

Williamson, R.E. and J. van Schilfgaarde. 1965. Studies of crop response to drainage: II. Lysimeters. Trans. ASAE. 8 (1): 98-100, 102.

Zhou, X., C.A. Madramootoo, A.F. MacKenzie, J.W. Kaluli and D.L. Smith. 2000. Corn yield and fertilizer N recovery in water-table-controlled corn–rye-grass systems. Eur. J. Agron. 12 (2): 83-92. crossref

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v37i3.516

Copyright (c) 2015 AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/