FERTILIZATION STRATEGY TO INCREASE RICE GROWTH AND PRODUCTION UNDER TWO FLOODING CONDITION ON TWO LOWLAND SWAMP TYPES

Gribaldi Gribaldi, Rujito A. Suwignyo, Merry Hasmeda, Renita Hayati

Abstract


Flood is general phenomenon found in most areas of Indonesia. This can obstruct rice crop cultivation on lowland swamp areas. Fertilization strategy is one of the efforts to increase rice crop growth and production on flooded condition. The objective of this research was to determine the best fertilization strategy on vegetative stage related to rice crop growth and production under flooded condition at two types of lowland swamp. The experimental design used in this research was split-plot design with three replications. The main plot was fertilization treatment consisting of P1 = base fertilization, P2 = fertilization before flooded, P3 = fertilization after flooded and P4 = fertilization before and after flooded. The subplot was rice variety which consisted of V1 = Inpara 3, V2 = Inpara 5, V3 = IR 64 and V4 = Ciherang.  The results showed that fertilization strategy was capable of increasing rice crop growth and production under flooded condition at two types of lowland swamp.  Rice variety Inpara 5 added with fertilizer before flooded on shallow-backswamp and fertilizer addition before and after flooded on middle-backswamp was the best treatment that had produced rice yield with magnitude of 4.48 and 3.43 ton per hectare, respectively.


Keywords


fertilization strategy; flooded stress; rice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Armstrong, W. and M.C. Drew. 2002. Root growth and metabolism under oxygen deficiency. In: Waisel, Y., A. Eshel and U. Kafkafi (Eds.), Plant roots: The hidden half (3rd edition). New York: Marcel Dekker. p. 1136.

CGIAR. 2006. Heat-tolerant wheat, flood-proof rice, satellites for carbon trading among new technologies. Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research. http://www.cgiar.org/web-archives/www-cgiar-org-newsroom-releases-news-asp-idnews-501/. Accessed on September 24, 2012.

Gribaldi, R.A. Suwignyo, M. Hasmeda and R. Hayati. 2013. The arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer application to increase the rice plant tolerance and recovery to the submerged stress (in Indonesian). Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal. 2(2): 151-158.

Gribaldi, R.A. Suwignyo, M. Hasmeda and R. Hayati. 2014a. The effect of fertilization on morphophysiological changes of two rice varieties under submergence stress (in Indonesian). Jurnal Agronomi Indo-nesia. 42(1): 17-23.

Gribaldi, R.A. Suwignyo, M. Hasmeda and R. Hayati. 2014b. Effort in improving recovery rice plants into stress sub-merged through fertilization after sub-merged (in Indonesian). Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal. 3(2): 97-104.

ICFCRD. 2009. Flooding tolerance rice (in Indonesian). Indonesian Center for Food Crops Research and Development. Indonesian Agency for Agriculture Research and Development. Bogor. p. 105.

Ikhwani. 2012. The effect of submergence and N fertilizer application on plant growth and production of submerged tolerant rice variety (in Indonesian). Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal. 1(1): 12-21.

Indonesian Development Planning Agency. 2010. Indonesia climate change sectoral road-map (ICCSR), (1st Edition). Synthesis Report: adaptation in the agriculture sec-tor. p. 173.

Indonesian Wetlands Research Institute. 2009. Rice of tidal swamp/lowland swamp (in Indonesian). Indonesian Agency for Agriculture Research and Development. Banjarbaru. Accessed on September 24, 2012.

Makarim, A.K., E. Suhartatik, G.R. Pratiwi and Ikhwani. 2009. Assembly of rice production technology on swamp land and flooding prone swamp (>15 days) for minimum productivity of 7 t ha-1 (in Indonesian). A Final Report of ROPP DIPA 2009. Indonesian Rice Research Institute. Indonesian Agricultural Research and Development.

Pierik, R., F.F. Millenaar, A.J. Peeters and L.A. Voesenek. 2005. New perspectives in flooding research: The use of shade avoidance and Arabidopsis thaliana. Ann. Bot. 96(4): 533-540. doi: 10.1093/ aob/mci208

Septiningsih, E.M., A.M. Pamplona, D.L. Sanches, C.N. Neeraja, G.V. Vergara, S. Heuer, A.M. Ismail and D.J. Mackill. 2009. Development of submergence-tolerant rice cultivars: The Sub1 locus and beyond. Ann. Bot. 103(2): 151-160. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcn206

Suwignyo, R.A. 2005. Regrowth acceleration for rice seeds in post flooded after “plant phytoregulator” and nitrogen treatments (in Indonesian). Jurnal Tanaman Tropika. 8(2): 45-52.

Suwignyo, R.A., F. Zulvica and Hendryansyah. 2008. Technological adaptation for rice production at lowland swamp area: The effort to prevent the negative effect of rice crop flooding through regulation of nitrogen fertilizer application (in Indonesian). The 3rd National Seminar on Rice Day. Indonesian Rice Research Institute. Sukamandi. July 22-24, 2008.

Suwignyo, R.A., A. Wijaya, H. Sihombing and Gribaldi. 2012. Modification of nutrient application for the improvement of rice seedling vigor under submerged stress (in Indonesian). Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal. 1(1): 1-11.

Triadiati, N.R. Mubarik and Y. Ramasita. 2013. Growth response of soybean to acid tolerant Bradyrhizobium japonicum and fertilizers application in acid soil (in Indonesian). Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia. 41(1): 24-31.

Waluyo, Suparwoto and Sudaryanto. 2008. The fluctuation of lowland swamp puddles and its benefit for agriculture in Ogan Komering Ilir (in Indonesian). Jurnal Hidrosfir Indonesia. 3(2): 57-66.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v38i1.498

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/