Denah Suswati, Saeri Sagiman, Sulakhudin sulakhudin


Entisols had a great potential for maize planting area expansion in increasing its production. The low soil fertility could be improved by application of coastal sediment. This current research examined the effect of different amount of coastal sediment on nutrient availability and maize production on Entisols, West Kalimantan. The research was conducted from July to November, 2013 in green house, Faculty of Agriculture, Tanjungpura University, West Kalimantan. The treatment conducted was the application of coastal sediment at dosage of: 0 Mg ha-1 (L0), 14 Mg ha-1 (L1), 28 Mg ha-1 (L2), 42 Mg ha-1 (L3), 56 Mg ha-1 (L4), 72 ton ha-1 (L5), 86 Mg ha-1 (L6) and 100 Mg ha-1 (L7). The treatments were arranged by completely randomized design with 3 replications. Research results showed that 42 Mg ha-1 coastal sediment was the best treatment and able to increase soil nutrients availability and maize productivity. The provision of coastal sediment increased the availability of K, Ca, Mg and Na, also the availability of nutrients in accordance with the increase of the dosage of coastal sediment.


coastal sediment; entisols; maize; nutrient availability; West Kalimantan

Full Text:



Bohn, H.L., B.L. McNeal and G.A. O’Connor. 2001. Soil chemistry. Second edition. John Wiley and Sons. New York. USA. pp. 307.

Brubaker, S.C., A.J. Jones, D.T. Lewis and K. Frank. 1993. Soil properties associated with landscape position. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 57 (1): 235-239.

CBCI. 2011. Investment potential of West Kalimantan Province (in Indonesian). Coordinating Board of Capital Investment. Indonesia. pp. 16.

CRDALR. 2006. Characteristics and land management of swamp (in Indonesian). Center for Research and Development Agricultural Land Resources. Indonesia. pp. 297.

Gomez, K.A. and A.A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. Second edition. International Rice Research Institute. Wiley Interscience Publication. John Wiley and Sons. New York. p. 1-15; 97-116; 121-156.

Grubinger, Vern. 2007. Soil organic matter: The living, the dead and the very dead. http: //www.uvm.edu/vtvegandberry/factsheets/soilorganicmatter.html. The University of Vermont. Accessed January 21, 2015.

Haryono. 2012. Maize for food, feed and fuel in Indonesia: challenges and opportunity. Proceeding International Maize Conference: Agribusiness of Maize-Livestock Integration at November 22-24, 2012 in Gorontalo. p. 3-9.

Havlin, J.L., J.D. Beaton, S.L. Tisdale and W.L. Nelson. 2005. Soil fertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. Pearson Education. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. pp. 528.

Hikmatullah and M. Al-Jabri. 2007. Soil properties of the alluvial plain and its potential use for agriculture in Donggala region, Central Sulawesi. Indones. J. Agric. Sci. 8 (2): 67-74.

ISRI. 2005. Chemical analysis of soil, plant, water, and fertilizer (in Indonesian). Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Department of Agriculture. pp. 136.

Kage, U., D. Madalageri, L. Malakannavar and P. Ganagashetty. 2013. Genetic diversity studies in newly derived inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.). Mol. Plant Breeding. 4 (9): 77-83.

Koçar, G. and N. Civaş. 2013. An overview of biofuels from energy crops: Current status and future prospects. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev. 28: 900-916.

Laird, D., P. Fleming, B. Wang, R. Horton and D. Karlen. 2010. Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma. 158 (3-4): 436-442.

Lalu, M.S., M. Azrai and M. Aqil. 2012. The Impact of cropping intensity on maize marketing in rainfed area. Proceeding International Maize Conference: Agri-business of Maize-Livestock Integration at 22-24 November 2012 in Gorontalo. p. 242-246.

Lusiana, B., R. Widodo, E. Mulyoutami, D.A. Nugroho and M. van Noordwijk. 2008. Study of hydrological conditions of Kapuas Hulu watersheds in Kapuas Hulu regency, West Kalimantan (in Indonesian). Working Paper no. 60. World Agroforestry Centre. ICRAF Southeast Asia Regional. Bogor, Indonesia. pp. 68.

Nath, T.N. 2014. Soil bulk density and its impact on soil texture, organic matter content and available macronutrients of tea cultivated soil in Dibrugarh district of Assam, India. Int. J. Dev. Res. 4 (2): 343-346.

Orhun, G.E. 2013. Maize for life. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. Eng. 3 (2): 13-16.

Pansu, M. and J. Gautheyrou. 2006. Handbook of soil analysis: Mineralogical, organic and inorganic methods. Springer. Berlin, Heidelberg. New York. pp. 995. crossref

Reddy, Y.R., D. Ravi, Ch.R. Reddy, K.V.S.V. Prasad, P.H. Zaidi, M.T. Vinayan and M. Blümmel. 2013. A note on the correlations between maize grain and maize stover quantitative and qualitative traits and the implications for whole maize plant optimization. Field Crop Res. 153: 63-69.

Sabiham, S. 1993. Utilization of tidal bog sediment as one of the alternatives in decrease methane and phenolic acids in peat soil thickness (in Indonesian). Proceeding of the National Seminar on Peat II, HGI-BPPT. 14-15 January 1993 in Jakarta. p. 267-277.

Sarkar, D. and A. Haldar. 2005. Physical and chemical methods in soil analysis. New Age International Publishers. New Delhi. pp. 176.

SAS Institute. 2003. The SAS system for Windows. Release 9.1. Statistical Analysis System Institute Inc. Cary, North Carolina. USA.

Sulistyowati, H. and D. Suswati. 2010. Effect of application base kation availability in peat soil for cultivation of melon (Cucumis melo L.) (in Indonesian). J. Agripura. 18 (2): 15-25.

Suswati, D. 2009. Effect of coastal sediment to some chemistry properties of Peat soil (in Indonesian). J. Agripura. 1 (1): 643-653.

Suswati, D. 2012. Utilization of some ameliorant to improve of land suitability class in developing of maize in Rasau Jaya III Pontianak (in Indonesian). Dissertation. Faculty of Agriculture. Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta.

Syamsuddin, A., Purwaningsih and Asnawati. 2013. The influence of various kinds of microorganisms local on growth and yield of eggplant plants on alluvial soil (in Indonesian). J. Agric. Sci. Students. 2 (2): 1-10.

Temenggung, Y.A., B. Mulyanto and Suwardi. 2009. Distribution and utilization of Indonesia soils for agriculture. Proceedings the 9th International Conference of the East and Southeast Asia Federation of Soil Science Societies (ESAFS). Seoul. p. 164-165.

Tuyen, T.Q., C.V. Phung and T. K. Tinh. 2006. Influence of long term application of N, P, K fertilizer on soil pH, organic matter, CEC, exchangeable cations and some trace elements. Omonrice. 14: 144-148

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v37i3.460

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/