Aditya Hani, Yonky Indrajaya, Priyono Suryanto, Budiadi Budiadi


Private forest in Java Island is mainly managed by Agroforestry (AF) system. There are three levels in AF systems: early AF, middle AF, and advance AF. The land productivity in AF system by villagers is mostly low because of inappropriate AF practice. The objective of this research is to analyze the land management practice in Menoreh hills, Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta. The study was conducted in Giripurwo Village, Kulon Progo. Stratifed sampling with purposive sampling was used in this study. Total of twelve plots were determined in every AF levels. Studies conducted in every plot includes the species composition and soil fertillity. The results showed that: (1) Tree composition in early and middle AF is dominated by woody tree (Sengon), while in advance AF is dominated by non-timber forest product (clove), (2) Low soil fertility in the study area is caused by high intensity of biomass harvesting and low fertilization dosage applied, (3) The increment of land productivity could be achieved by increasing the biomass input to the soil from organic fertilizer and crop waste.


agroforestry; land management practice; land productivity; Menoreh Hill; soil fertility

Full Text:



Agroclimate and Soil Research Center (1994) Land suitability classification. Term of Reference Type A. Publ. P3MT-PPT. Agroclimate and Soil Research Center Bogor.

Alene, A.D. and V.M. Manyong. 2007. The effects of education on agricultural productivity under traditional and improved technology in Northern Nigeria: An endogenous switching regression analysis. Empirical Economics. 32 (1): 141-159. doi: 10.1007/s00181-006-0076-3

Awang, S.A., E.B. Wiyono and S. Sadiyo. 2007. Community forest management units: local knowledge construction process (in Indonesian). Banyumili - PKHR UGM. Yogyakarta. p. 222.

Canadas, M.J. and A. Novais. 2014. Bringing local socioeconomic context to the analysis of forest owners’ management. Land Use Policy. 41: 397-407. doi: 10. 1016/j.landusepol. 2014.06.017

Darusman, D. and Hardjanto. 2006. Overview of private forest economy (in Indonesian). Proceeding of the National Seminar on Results Research of Forest Products. Forest Products Research and Development Center. Bogor. pp. 4-13.

Dass, A., S. Sudhishri, N.K. Lenka and U.S. Patnaik. 2011. Runoff capture through vegetative barriers and planting methodologies to reduce erosion, and improve soil moisture, fertility and crop productivity in southern Orissa, India. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 89 (1): 45-57. doi: 10.1007/s10705-010-9375-3

Firdausil, A.B., Nasriati and A. Yani. 2008. Cacao cultivation technology (in Indonesian). Indonesian Center for Agricultural Technology Assesment and Development. p. 31.

Gascon, C., G.A.B. da Fonseca, W. Sechrest, K.A. Billmark and J. Sanderson. 2004. Biodiversity conservation in deforested and fragmented tropical landscapes: An overview. In: Agroforestry and biodiversity conservation in tropical landscapes. G. Schroth, G.A.B. da Fonseca, C.A. Harvey, C. Gascon, H.L. Vasconcelos, A.M.N. Izac (eds.). Island Press. Washington. pp. 15-32.

Gregorio, N., J. Herbohn, S. Harrison and C. Smith. 2015. A systems approach to improving the quality of tree seedlings for agroforestry, tree farming and reforestation in the Philippines. Land Use Policy. 47: 29-41. doi: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.03.009

Hairiah, K., Widianto, S.R. Utami, D. Suprayogo, Sunaryo, S.M. Sitompul, B. Lusiana, R. Mulia, M. van Noordwijk and G. Cadisch. 2000. Management of acid soils in biology - reflections on the experiences of North Lampung (in Indonesian). SMT Grafika Desa Putera. Jakarta. p. 187.

Hardjowigeno, S. 2003. Soil Science (in Indonesian). Akademika Pressindo. Jakarta. p. 286.

Heyne, K. 1987. Indonesian Useful Plant (in Indonesian). Sarana Wana Jaya Foundation - Indonesian Center for Forests Research and Development. Jakarta. p. 1852.

Isaac, M.E. and A.A. Kimaro. 2011. Diagnosis of nutrient imbalances with vector analysis in agroforestry systems. J. Environ. Qual. 40 (3): 860-866. doi: 10.2134/jeq2010.0144

Isaac, M.E., E. Dawoe and K. Sieciechowicz. 2009. Assessing local knowledge use in agroforestry management with cognitive maps. Environ. Manage. 43 (6): 1321-1329. doi: 10.1007/s00267-008-9201-8

Maryudi, A., A.A. Nawir, D.B. Permadi, R.H. Purwanto, D. Pratiwi, A. Syofi'i and P. Sumardamto. 2015. Complex regulatory frameworks governing private smallholder tree plantations in Gunungkidul District, Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics. 59: 1-6.

Metting, F.B. Jr. 1992. Soil microbial ecology - Applications in agricultural and environmental management. Marcel Dekker. USA. p. 165.

Ministry of Forestry, 2009. Strategic data of forestry. In: Ministry of Forestry (Ed.), Jakarta. http://www.dephut.go.id/ index. php/news/details/8078. Accessed January 1, 2013.

Mulyoutami, E., R. Rismawan and L. Joshi. 2009. Local knowledge and management of simpukng (forest gardens) among the Dayak people in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecology and Management. 257 (10): 2054-2061. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco. 2009.01.042

Nilsen, E.T. and D.M. Orcutt. 1996. Physiology of plants under stress: Abiotic factors. John Wiley & Sons. New Jersey. p. 704.

Osei-Bonsu, K., K. Opoku-Ameyaw, F.M. Amoah and F.K. Oppong. 2002. Cacao-coconut intercropping in Ghana: agronomic and economic perspectives. Agroforestry Systems. 55: 1-8.

Palma, J., A.R. Graves, P.J. Burgess, W. van der Werf, and F. Herzog. 2007. Integrating environmental and economic perfor-mance to assess modern silvoarable agroforestry in Europe. Ecological Economics. 63 (4): 759-767. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon. 2007.01.011

Pamuji, S. and B. Saleh. 2010. The effect of artificial shade intensity and fertilizer potassium dossage for the growth and yield of big ginger (in Indonesian). Akta Agrosia. 13 (1): 62-69.

Parrotta, J.A., H.F. Lim, J. Liu, P.S. Ramakrishnan, Y.C. Youn. 2009. Traditional forest-related knowledge and sustainable forest management in Asia. Forest Ecology and Manage-ment. 257 (10): 1987-1988.

Pauli, N., E. Barrios, A.J. Conacher and T. Oberthür. 2012. Farmer knowledge of the relationships among soil macro-fauna, soil quality and tree species in a smallholder agroforestry system of wes-tern Honduras. Geoderma. 189-190: 186-198. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma. 2012.05.027

Rerkasem, K., N. Yimyam and B. Rerkasem. 2009. Land use transformation in the mountainous mainland Southeast Asia region and the role of indigenous knowledge and skills in forest manage-ment. Forest Ecology and Manage-ment. 257 (10): 2035-2043. doi:10.10 16/j.foreco.2008.11.008

Schroth, G., N. Poidy, T. Morshäuser and W. Zech. 1995. Effects of different methods of soil tillage and biomass application on crop yields and soil properties in agroforestry with high tree competition. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 52 (2-3): 129-140. doi: 10.1016/0167-8809(94)00545-P

Schroth, G., W.G. Teixeira, R. Seixas, L.F. da Silva, M. Schaller, J.L.V. Macêdo and W. Zech. 2000. Effect of five tree crops and a cover crop in multi-strata agroforestry at two fertilization levels on soil fertility and soil solution chemistry in central Amazonia. Plant and Soil. 221: 143-156.

Soerianegara, I. and Indrawan. 1978. Indonesian forests ecology (in Indonesian). Depart-ment of Forest Management, Faculty of Forestry. Bogor Agricultural University. Bogor.

Statistics Agency of Kulon Progo District, 2011. Kulon Progo in Numbers 2011. http://kulonprogokab.bps.go.id/backend/pdf_publikasi/Kulon-Progo-Dalam-Angka-2011.pdf. Accessed January 1, 2013.

Suryanto, P., S.M. Widyastuti, J. Sartohadi, S.A. Awang and Budi. 2012. Traditional knowledge of homegarden-dry field agroforestry as a tool for revitalization management of smallholder land use in Kulon Progo, Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Biology. 4 (2): 173-183. doi: 10.5539/ijb.v4n2p173

Suryanto, P., Tohari and M.S. Sabarnurdin. 2005. The dynamics of resource shar-ing system (sharing resources) in agroforestry: basic consideration of silviculture strategy formulation (in Indonesian). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian. 12 (2): 165-178.

Sutopo, L. 1985. Seed technology (in Indonesian). Rajawali Press. Jakarta. p. 247.

Syukur, A. and E.S. Harsono. 2008. The effect of organic fertilizer and NPK on some physical and chemical soil properties of sandy soil in Samas Bantul (in Indonesian). Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingku-ngan. 8 (2): 138-145.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v38i2.416

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/