Exploring The Potency of Microalgae-Based Biofertilizer and Its Impact on Oil Palm Seedlings Growth

Indiani Sani, Yudistira Wahyu Kurnia, Hana Christine Sinthya, Richard Anthony, Elizabeth Caroline Situmorang, Condro Utomo, Tony Liwang

Abstract


Indonesia is currently the world’s largest palm oil producer. Consequently, the use of chemical fertilizers become more extensive. There is a need to explore sustainable alternative sources of plant nutrition.  Microalgae represents a potential sustainable alternative for the enhancement and protection of crops based on their cell elements. In this study, dry biomass or liquid culture formulation of the green microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis was applied to the rhizosphere of oil palm pre-nursery as a biofertilizer.  Soil application of microalgae biomass of 0.5 g/L (MA) or liquid culture of 10% (v/v) (BCMA) was carried out to assess its effects on 4 months old oil palm at the nursery stage. The compatibility test between microalgae and common biofungicide agent in agricultural practices, Trichoderma spp., was also tested on both microalgae formulations. The result showed that both microalgae biomass and liquid culture, alone or combined with Trichoderma spp., gave a better growth performance to the oil palm. MA and BCMA application had resulted in a maximum increment of plant height, leaves count, and chlorophyll content. Furthermore, application of the BCMA gave the better oil palm growth performance, which may probably influenced by the accessibility of nutrient for microalgae’s growth., the study revealed that the application of microalgae as biofertilizer has potential to improve oil palm growth performance as an alternative to replace the chemical fertilizer.


Keywords


Haematococcus pluvialis, Microalgae, Pre nursery, Vegetative performance

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v44i1.3102

Copyright (c) 2021 Indiani Sani, Yudistira Wahyu Kurnia, Hana Christine Sinthya, Richard Anthony, Elizabeth Caroline Situmorang, Condro Utomo, Tony Liwang

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