Internet of Things based Smart Irrigation Control System for Paddy Rice Field

Li-Wei Liu, Mohd Hasmadi Ismail, Yu-Min Wang, Wen-Shin Lin

Abstract


This research considering information and communication technology, established a Smart Field Cultivation Server (SFCS) for paddy field irrigation control. The SFCS was developed by employing the Internet of Things (IoT) technique, sensors, solar power supply system, relay motor, watergate,
smartphone-based application, and database. It required the main station and several optional substations equipped with environment detection sensors, such as water level, temperature, relative humidity, soil temperature, soil volumetric moisture, soil conductivity. Those sensors are used for the farming schedule as the standard operating procedure in controlling water based on the cultivation calendar. The observed data communicated by a mesh network by ZigBee technology. The 4G
transmission device and ZigBee coordinator awakes the ZigBee end device of each sub-station for data observation and transmission, then upload those collected environment data to the database. From the SFCS operation, the gap between innovative technology and field applications are linked. The insolation and temperature data can improve the accuracy assessment of the growing-day-based cultivation calendar. This study extrapolated that the goal of water-saving with automated and precision paddy rice production is possible to achieve


Keywords


Water-saving irrigation, smart agriculture, smart field cultivation server, Zigbee

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v43i2.2936

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