Combining Ability of Indonesian Tropical Maize in Two Different Seasons

Suyadi Suyadi, Darmawan Saptadi, Arifin Noor Sugiharto

Abstract


Testing an inbred cross for hybrid development requires a proper test cross method. The diallel is one crossing method to find out the magnitude of inbred combining ability, both general general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) and specific combining ability, that is useful in hybrid development. The objective of the study is to determine the GCA, SCA and heterosis of 6 inbred lines in two seasons. All the inbreds were crossed in diallel design and further evaluated for their combining ability and genetic ratio following the respective methods of Griffing and Baker. The results revealed that GCA, SCA and Reciprocal (REC.) were influenced by planting seasons for almost all yield and yield-related traits. Non-additive gene action was more important in controlling ear length, ear row number, shelled ear weight and yield. The best GCA for yield trait was detected on inbreds G2 and G5. The conclusion from the interpretation of both SCA and REC. is that the inbred crosses of G1 x G6, G2 x G5, G4 x G6, and G5 x G6 have the best yields followed by high heterosis values.

Keywords


Combining ability; Diallel; Genotype x Environments; Maize

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd-allah Ramadan, A. S., Mukhlif, F. H., & Abdulhamed, Z. A. (2021). Performance and heterosisfor the yield traits and components of maize (Zea mays L.) using the full diallel cross method. Annals of the Romanian Society for Cell Biology, 25(5), 1270-1281. Retrieved from http://annalsofrscb.ro/index.php/journal/article/view/4478

Acquaah, G. (2012). Principles of plant genetics and breeding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118313718

Bahari, M., Rafii, M. Y., Saleh, G. B., & Latif, M. A. (2012). Combining ability analysis in complete diallel cross of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai). The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 543158. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/543158

Baker, R. J. (1978). Issues in diallel analysis. Crop Science, 18(4), 533–536. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1978.0011183x001800040001x

Bhusal, T. N., & Lal, G. M. (2020). Heterosis, combining ability and their inter-relationship for morphological and quality traits in yellow maize (Zea mays L.) single-crosses across environments. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 42(1), 174–190. https://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v42i1.2089

Bucheyeki, T. L., Tongoona, P., Derera, J., & NchimbiMsolla, S. (2017). Combining ability analysis for Northern leaf blight disease resistance on Tanzania adapted inbred maize lines. Advances in Crop Science and Technology, 05, 266. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8863.1000266

Choudhary, R. B., Marker, S., Battacharjee, I., & Ramnath. (2018). Combining ability and gene action for grain yield and its component traits in yellow grained single cross hybrids of maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(08), 1666–1671. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.708.191

Coelho, I. F., Alves, R. S., de Carvalho Rocha, J. R. do A. S., Peixoto, M. A., Teodoro, L. P. R., Teodoro, P. E., … Bhering, L. L. (2020). Multi-trait multienvironment diallel analyses for maize breeding. Euphytica, 216(9), 144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-020-02677-9

Drinic, S. M., Filipovic, M., Camdzija, Z., Stevanovic, M., Andjelkovic, V., Babic, M., & Stankovic, G. (2015). Heterosis for grain qualitative trait and yield in ZP maize hybrids. In Third International Scientific Symposium Agrosym Jahorina (pp. 219–224). Retrieved from http://agrosym.ues.rs.ba/agrosym/agrosym_2012/dokumenti/2_biljna_proizvodnja/25_PP_Snezana MladenovicDrinic.pdf

El-Badawy, M. E. M. (2013). Heterosis and combining ability in maize using diallel crosses among seven new inbred lines. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 5, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajcs.2013.1.13

Emami, S., Nemati, S. H., Azizi, M., & Mobli, M. (2018). Combining ability and gene action of some tomato genotypes under low light condition. Advances in Horticultural Science, 32(4), 459–470. https://doi.org/10.13128/ahs-22479

Fan, X.-M., Yin, X.-F., Zhang, Y.-D., Bi, Y.-Q., Liu, L., Chen, H.-M., & Kang, M. S. (2016). Combining ability estimation for grain yield of maize exotic germplasm using testers from three heterotic groups. Crop Science, 56(5), 2527–2535. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2016.01.0032

Fan, X.-M., Zhang, Y.-D., Jeffers, D. P., Bi, Y.-Q., Kang, M. S., & Yin, X.-F. (2018). Combining ability of yellow lines derived from CIMMYT populations for use in subtropical and tropical midaltitude maize production environments. Crop Science, 58(1), 169–179. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2017.05.0291

Fasahat, P., Rajabi, A., Rad, J. M., & Derera, J. (2016). Principles and utilization of combining ability in plant breeding. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal, 4(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.15406/bbij.2016.04.00085

Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 9(4), 463–493. https://doi.org/10.1071/bi9560463

Kamara, M. M., El-Degwy, I. S., & Koyama, H. (2014). Estimation combining ability of some maize inbred lines using line × tester mating design under two nitrogen levels. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 8(9), 1336–1342. Retrieved from http://www.cropj.com/kamara_8_9_2014_1336_1342.pdf

Kanyamasoro, M. G., Karungi, J., ASEA, G., & Gibson, P. (2012). Determination of the heterotic groups of maize inbred lines and the inheritance of their resistance to the maize weevil. African Crop Science Journal, 20(1), 99–104. Retrieved from https://www.ajol.info/index.php/acsj/article/view/78773

Kashif, M., & Khaliq, I. (2003). Mechanism of genetic control of some quantitative traits in bread wheat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6(18), 1586–1590. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2003.1586.1590

Katkar, G. D., Sridevi, O., Salimath, P. M., & Patil, S. P. (2012). Combining ability analysis for yield, its contributing characters and fruit quality parameters of exotic tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) breeding lines. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 3(3), 908–915. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/25710706.pdf

Kinfe, H., Tsehaye, Y., Redda, A., Welegebriel, R., Yalew, D., Gebrelibanos, W., … Seid, H. (2017). Evaluating adaptability and yield performance of open pollinated maize varieties in North Western Tigray. Advances in Crop Science and Technology, 05(06). https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-8863.1000316

Kumar, P. S., & Bharathi, P. (1970). Studies on relationship between gca and sca effects in maize (Zea mays L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 1(1), 24–27. Retrieved from http://www.ejplantbreeding.org/index.php/EJPB/article/view/1835

Luckett, D., & Halloran, G. (2003). Plant breeding. In J. Pratley (Ed.), Principles of Field Crop Production (4th ed., p. 1-3). New York, USA: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/876330

Machikowa, T., Saetang, C., & Funpeng, K. (2011). General and specific combining ability for quantitative characters in sunflower. Journal of Agricultural Science, 3(1), 91–95. https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v3n1p91

Mukherjee, B. K. (1995). Heterosis phenomenon. Kalyani Pub. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=uSjhXwAACAAJ

Murtadha, M. A., Ariyo, O. J., & Alghamdi, S. S. (2018). Analysis of combining ability over environments in diallel crosses of maize (Zea mays). Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 17(1), 69–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2016.01.004

Nyaligwa, L. M., Shimelis, H., Laing, M. D., & Mwadzingeni, L. (2017). Combining ability for grain yield and resistance to maize streak virus in maize. Maydica, 62(3), 1–7. Retrieved from https://journals-crea.4science.it/index.php/maydica/article/view/1585

Rani, N., Nirala, R., & Acharya, S. (2018). Diallel analyses and heterosis of some agronomic traits in maize (Zea mays L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(SP1), 3189–3194. Retrieved from https://www.phytojournal.com/special-issue?year=2018&vol=7&issue=1S&ArticleId=4049

Rouf Shah, T., Prasad, K., & Kumar, P. (2016). Maize—A potential source of human nutrition and health: A review. Cogent Food & Agriculture, 2(1), 1166995. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2016.1166995

Sugiharto, A. N., Nugraha, A. A., Waluyo, B., & Ardiarini, N. R. (2018). Assessment of combining ability and performance in corn for yield and yield components. Bioscience Research, 15(2), 1225–1236. Retrieved from https://www.isisn.org/BR15(2)2018/1225-1236-15(2)2018BR18-88.pdf

Sugiharto, A. N., Nugraha, A. A., Waluyo, B., Ardiarini, N. R., & Azrai, M. (2018). Grouping in heterotic pool of maize inbred lines based on numerical and graphical analysis of combining ability. Sabrao Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 50(4), 475–493. Retrieved from http://sabraojournal.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/SABRAO-J-BreedGenet-504-475-493-Arifin.pdf

Tripathi, M., Shrestha, J., & Gurung, D. (2016). Performance evaluation of commercial maize hybrids across diverse Terai environments during the winter season in Nepal. Journal of Maize Research and Development, 2(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3126/jmrd.v2i1.16210

Zhang, Y. D., Fan, X., Yao, W., Piepho, H.-P., & Kang, M. S. (2016). Diallel analysis of four maize traits and a modified heterosis hypothesis. Crop Science, 56(3), 1115–1126. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2015.10.0643




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v43i2.2915

Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.