Yields of Promising Sugarcane Clones under Three Different Planting Arrangements

Prima Diarini Riajaya

Abstract


ABSTRACT

               The planting arrangement is essential for increasing yields of promising clones.  A field trial was done in dry land at Kediri, East Java, from August 2018 to June 2020 in two harvests (plant cane and first ratoon cane) and aimed at assessing the promising sugarcane clones yields to different planting arrangements.  The experiment was arranged in a Split-Plot design with three replications.  The main plot consisted of three planting arrangements, namely SR, single row spacing at 110 cm, DR1, double rows spacing 50+135 cm, and DR2, double rows spacing 50+170 cm.  Sub-plots consisted of five promising clones and one check variety, namely MLG 5, MLG 9, MLG 14, MLG 52, MLG 55, and PS 881.  Results revealed that sugarcane yield was influenced by planting arrangements and clones. Wider rows, DR2, showed the highest yield in tonnes of cane per hectare (TCH) in PC (153.94 t/ha) and slightly decreased by 14% in RC-1 due to reduced plant population. Sugar yield in tonnes of sugar per hectare (TSH) in various planting arrangements ranged from 12.26-13.99 t/ha in PC and 10.68-11.93 t/ha in RC-1. MLG 9 has the potential to be released as a new variety with high yields of sugarcane and sugar.


Keywords


planting system, sugar yield, sugar content, sugarcane yield

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v44i1.2797

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