Silica Fertilizer (Si) Enhances Sugarcane Resistance to The Sugarcane Top Borer Scirpophaga excerptalis Walker

Bambang Tri Rahardjo, Etik Mar`ati Achadian, Achmad Fitriadi Taufiqurrahman, Mohamad Rizkiy Hidayat


Sugarcane is an essential industrial that produce sugar in the world. Scirpophaga excerptalis attacks can reduce the productivity of sugarcane up to 34%. To enhance the resistance to multiple stresses, Silicon is one of the elements for its role. This research aimed to determine the effect of the provision of silica fertilizer as part of the Integrated Pest Management strategy. This research was conducted in the Plant Protection Department, Indonesian Sugar Research Institute. The compost given as treatment in this research was straw, cane, and corn composts. Organic silica fertilizer (compost) provides the same effect as inorganic silica fertilizer in increasing the induction of sugarcane resistance to sugarcane top borer (S. excerptalis). Rice straw compost was a compost fertilizer that provides the best sugarcane resistance to sugarcane top borer compared to sugarcane plants that treated with sugarcane and corn leave to compost


Induction resistance; Silica; Sugarcane top borer

Full Text:



Alhousari, F., & Greger, M. (2018). Silicon and mechanisms of plant resistance to insect pests. Plants, 7(2), 33. crossref

Altieri, M. A., Ponti, L., & Nicholls, C. I. (2012). Soil fertility, biodiversity and pest management. In G. M. Gurr, S. D. Wratten, W. E. Snyder, & D. M. Y. Read (Eds.), Biodiversity and Insect Pests (pp. 72-84). crossref

Berthelsen, S., Hurney, A., Noble, A., Rudd, A., Garside, A., & Henderson, A. (2001). An assessment of current silicon status of sugarcane production soils from Tully to Mossman. In Proceedings Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (pp. 289–296). Retrieved from website

Butterfield, M., D’Hont, A., & Berding, N. (2001). The sugarcane genome: a synthesis of current understanding, and lessons for breeding and biotechnology. In Proceedings of the 75th Annual Congress of the South African Sugar Technologists’ Association, Durban, South Africa, 31 July 2001 - 3 August 2001 (pp. 1–5). Durban, South Africa. Retrieved from website

Calatayud, P., Njuguna, E., & Juma, G. (2016). Silica in insect-plant interactions. Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research, 5(4), e125. crossref

de Camargo, M. S., Rodrigues Gomes Júnior, A., Wyler, P., & Korndörfer, G. H. (2010). Silicate fertilization in sugarcane: Effects on soluble silicon in soil, uptake and occurrence of stalk borer (Diatraea saccharalis). In Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia, 1-6 August 2010 (pp. 259–262). Brisbane, Australia. Retrieved from pdf

de Oliveira, R. S., Peñaflor, M. F. G. V, Gonçalves, F. G., Sampaio, M. V., Korndörfer, A. P., Silva, W. D., & Bento, J. M. S. (2020). Silicon-induced changes in plant volatiles reduce attractiveness of wheat to the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi and attract the parasitoid Lysiphlebus testaceipes. PLOS ONE, 15(4), e0231005. crossref

Diederichs, G. W., Ali Mandegari, M., Farzad, S., & Görgens, J. F. (2016). Techno-economic comparison of biojet fuel production from lignocellulose, vegetable oil and sugar cane juice. Bioresource Technology, 216, 331–339. crossref

Galhardo, C. X., & Masini, J. C. (2000). Spectrophotometric determination of phosphate and silicate by sequential injection using molybdenum blue chemistry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 417(2), 191–200. crossref

Goebel, F. R., Achadian, E., & McGuire, P. (2014). The economic impact of sugarcane moth borers in Indonesia. Sugar Tech, 16, 405–410. crossref

Goebel, F. R., Achadian, E., Kristini, A., Sochib, M., & Adi, H. (2011). Investigation of crop losses due to moth borers in Indonesia. In 33rd Annual Conference of the Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists 2011 (pp. 1–9). Retrieved from pdf

Han, Y., Lei, W., Wen, L., & Hou, M. (2015). Siliconmediated resistance in a susceptible rice variety to the rice leaf folder, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). PLoS ONE, 10(4), e0120557. crossref

Laane, H. M. (2018). The effects of foliar sprays with different silicon compounds. Plants, 7(2), 45. crossref

Massey, F. P., Ennos, A. R., & Hartley, S. E. (2006). Silica in grasses as a defence against insect herbivores: Contrasting effects on folivores and a phloem feeder. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(2), 595–603. crossref

Meyer, J. H., & Keeping, M. G. (2000). Review of research into the role of silicon for sugarcane production. In Proceedings of the 74th Annual Congress of the South African Sugar Technologists’ Association, Durban, South Africa, 1-3 August 2000 (pp. 29–40). Durban, South Africa: South African Sugar Technologists’ Association. Retrieved from website

Nikpay, A., Nejadian, E. S., Goldasteh, S., & Farazmand, H. (2017). Efficacy of silicon formulations on sugarcane stalk borers, quality characteristics and parasitism rate on five commercial varieties. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences, 87, 289–297. crossref

Savant, N. K., Korndörfer, G. H., Datnoff, L. E., & Snyder, G. H. (1999). Silicon nutrition and sugarcane production: A review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 22(12), 1853–1903. crossref

Shobharani, M., Rachappa, V., Sidramappa, & Sunilkumar, N. M. (2018). Evaluation of new insecticide molecules for the management of early shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus (Snellen) on sugarcane. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(09), 2079–2084. crossref

Smiullah, Khan, F. A., Ijaz, U., & Abdullah. (2013). Genetic variability of different morphological and yield contributing traits in different accession of Saccharum officinarum L. Universal Journal of Plant Science, 1(2), 43–48. Retrieved from pdf

Srivastava, A. K., & Rai, M. K. (2012). Review: Sugarcane production: Impact of climate change and its mitigation. Biodiversitas, 13(4), 214–227. crossref

Sushil, S. N., Chandra, A., Roy, S., Jaiswal, A. K., Singh, M. R., & Pathak, A. D. (2020). Determination of morphological and biochemical basis of resistance against top borer, Scirpophaga excerptalis Walker in sugarcane. Sugar Tech, 22(2), 259–265. crossref

Tubana, B. S., Babu, T., & Datnoff, L. E. (2016). A review of silicon in soils and plants and its role in us agriculture: History and future perspectives. Soil Science, 181(9–10), 393–411. crossref


Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.