Pesticides Residues in Fresh Food of Plant Origin: Study Case in Indonesia

Agung Hendriadi, Sulistiyorini Sulistiyorini, Miranti Devilana

Abstract


The use of pesticide in fresh food of plant origin (FFPO) such as horticulture products is widely known. This can result in an excessive use of pesticides and, subsequently, in unacceptable levels of pesticide residues in the products. In this work, we analyzed the pesticide residues in FFPO - which include fruits, vegetables, and rice - from provinces in Indonesia. The test for pesticide residues use two kind of test, which are: Rapid Test Kit that gives qualitative result and laboratory test that gives quantitative result of pesticide active ingredients. The data analysis shows that based on Rapid Test Kit, 88,5% of total sample from 26 provinces do not show residues of the two active ingredients (Carbamate and Organophosphate). While lab test data analysis shows that 97,32% of total samples from 26 provinces contain residues that are still under Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs)  so that it is stated as achieving food safety requirement. The data analysis of pesticide residues-contained samples (2,68%) shows that there are 26 kinds of active ingredients which include: Organophosphat, Carbamat, Pyretroid Organochlorine. Considering the effect of pesticide (residue) on human health as well as to environmental sustainability, efforts to control pecticide use need to be continued.


Keywords


Active Ingredients, Food Safety, Fresh Food, Pesticide, Residue

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v43i2.2570

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