Radiation Use Efficiency on Maize (Zea mays L.) on Different Varieties and Intercropping with Mungbean in the Rainy Season

Patta Sija, Yogi Sugito, Agus Suryanto, Didik Hariyono

Abstract


Selection of varieties and intercropping system is closely related to canopy structure which determine the ability of maize plants to intercept and absorb solar radiation intensity. This research aimed to improve Radiation Use Efficiency (RUE) of maize by selecting plant canopies based on varieties and intercropping with mungbean. Research was conducted during rainy season, from September 2016 to January 2017, in Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi. Randomized Block Design Factorial with three replications was adopted to evaluate three maize varieties (Bisi-18, Lamuru, and Local) as the first factor, and intercropping system (two maize lines with one, two, three, and four lines of mungbean, sole maize) as the second factor. Results showed that there were interactions between varieties and intercropping to RUE of maize. The RUE of all maize varieties intercropped with mungbean was higher compared to sole maize. The RUE of Bisi-18 variety intercropped with mungbean was higher than the RUE of Lamuru and Local varieties with value of 9.53%, 8.80% and 6.43% respectively. Higher RUE of Bisi-18 variety shows that intercropping maize varieties that have vertical leaves with more dense mungbean population were more efficient in utilizing radiation. 


Keywords


Intercropping , Leaf Area Index, Maize varieties, Radiation Use Efficiency, Vertical leaf

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References


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v42i3.2498

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