The Potency of Collecting Larvae of Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae) in the Oil Palm Plantation

Anugerah Pustakawan Pradipta, F. X. Wagiman, Witjaksono Witjaksono


The intensive and continuous collection of rhinoceros beetles, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), is an extraordinary strategy in IPM (Integrated Pest Management). This study was intended to evaluate the potency of people in collecting larvae and to determine the age structure of the beetle population. The study was conducted in Asahan Regency, North Sumatera Province. Adult men, adult women, adolescent girls, and adolescent boys collected beetles for 2 hours in each breeding site. Results showed that the beetle was more significant abundant in decomposed trunks at plots of immature and mature palms than at heaps of the empty fruit bunches namely 236, 221 and 93 individuals/2 hours. The population age-structure showed significantly predominant of 2nd and 3rd instars in all breeding sites, i.e. eggs, 1st instars, 2nd instars, and 3rd instars, pupae, adult males, and adult females were 2.02, 23.29, 21.39, 47.06, 3.17, 0.86, and 2.21%, respectively. Adult men, adult women, and adolescent boys had similar potency in collecting 3rd instar larvae while the least amount was collected by the adolescent girls viz. 70, 85, 60, and 38 larvae/2 hours, respectively. It is suggested that the study results support future efforts in the sustainable control of rhinoceros beetle through collecting larvae for commercial utilization.


Abundance; Age structure; Handpicking; Oil palm; Oryctes rhinoceros

Full Text:



Abidin, C. M. R. Z., Ahmad, A. H., Salim, H., & Hamid, N. H. (2014). Population dynamics of Oryctes rhinoceros in decomposing oil palm trunks in areas practising zero burning and partial burning. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 26(2), 140–145. Retrieved from PDF

Ali, S. R. A., Tajudin, N. S. A., Bakeri, S. A., & Wahid, M. B. (2010). Rotting fungi to accelerate biodegradation of oil palm trunks, breeding site for Oryctes rhinocheros (L) and Ganoderma boninense. MOPB Information Series, (445), 1–4. Retrieved from PDF

Bedford, G. O. (2014). Advances in the control of rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros in oil palm. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 26(3), 183–194. Retrieved from PDF

Chalapathi Rao, N. B. V, Snehalatharani, A., Nischala, A., Ramanandam, G., & Maheswarappa, H. P. (2018). Management of rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros L.) by biological suppression with Oryctes baculovirus in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Plantation Crops, 46(2), 124–127. DOI

Dornberg, M. (2015). common name: Coconut rhinoceros beetle; scientific name: Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Florida: University of Florida. Retrieved from website

Indriyanti, D. R., Anggraeni, S. D., & Slamet, M. (2017). Density and composition of Oryctes rhinoceros (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) stadia in field. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 12(22), 6364–6371. Retrieved from PDF

Kamarudin, N., & Wahid, Mohd. B. (2004). Immigration and activity of Oryctes rhinoceros within a small oil palm replanting area. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 16(2), 64-77. PDF

Khudri, N. A. F. R. S., Azmi, W. A., Kamarudin, N., Ali, S. R. A., & Moslim, R. (2016). Replication of Oryctes nudivirus (OrNV) in insect cell line DSIR-HA-1179 and its infectivity on neonates of rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 28(4), 452–462. DOI

Manjeri, G., Muhamad, R., Faridah, Q. Z., & Tan, S. G. (2013). Morphometric analysis of Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) from oil palm plantations. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 67(2), 194–200. DOI

Moslim, R., Kamarudin, N., & Wahid, M. B. (2011). Trap for the auto dissemination of Metarhizium anisopliae in the management of rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros. Journal of Oil Palm Research, 23, 1011–1017. Retrieved from website

Okaraonye, C. C., & Ikewuchi, J. C. (2009). Nutritional potential of Oryctes rhinoceros larva. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(1), 35–38. DOI

Omotoso, O. T. (2018). The nutrient profile of the developmental stages of palm beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. British Journal of Enviromental Sciences, 6(1), 1–11. Retrieved from PDF

Pulunggono, H. B., Anwar, S., Mulyanto, B., & Sabiham, S. (2019). Decomposition of oil palm frond and leaflet residues. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 41(3), 524–536. DOI

Rahardjo, B. T., Rachmawati, R., & Soetjipto, D. (2019). Sugarcane leaf litter as soil amendment to stimulate collembolan diversity. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 41(2), 295–301. DOI

Shelomi, M., Lin, S.-S., & Liu, L.-Y. (2019). Transcriptome and microbiome of coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) larvae. BMC Genomics, 20, 957. DOI

Sudarsono, H., Purnomo, P., & Hariri, A. M. (2011). Population assessment and appropriate spraying technique to control the bagworm (Metisa plana Walker) in North Sumatra and Lampung. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science, 33(2), 188–198. DOI

van Huis, A., Van Itterbeeck, J., Klunder, H., Mertens, E., Halloran, A., Muir, G., & Vantomme, P. (2013). Edible insects. Future prospects for food and feed security. FAO Forestry Paper. Rome, IT: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from PDF

Wagiman, F. X. (2019). Populasi larva Oryctes rhinoceros pada berbagai tempat peneluran di perkebunan kelapa rakyat Yogyakarta. In A. S. Muttaqin, A. W. Widada, F. Wulandari, F. D. Prastiwi, M. A. Budiati, N. A. Rosyida, ... Yuniati (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian Pertanian VIII 2018 (pp. 737-743). Yogyakarta: Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada. Retrieved from PDF

Wan Zaki, W. M., Salmah, M. R. C., Hassan, A. A., & Ali, A. (2009). Composition of various stages of Oryctes rhinoceros (Linn) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in mulch of oil palm empty fruit bunches. Planter, 85(997), 215–220. Retrieved from website

Widihastuty, Tobing, M. C., Marheni, & Kuswardani, R. A. (2018). Prey preference of Myopopone castanea (hymenoptera: Formicidae) toward larvae Oryctes rhinoceros Linn (coleoptera: Scarabidae). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 122(1), 012120. DOI

Witjaksono, Wijonarko, A., Harjaka, T., Harahap, I., & Sampurno, W. B. (2015). Tekanan Metarhizium anisopliae dan feromon terhdap populasi dan tingkat kerusakan oleh Oryctes rhinoceros. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 19(2), 73–79. DOI



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.