Application of Coconut Shell Liquid Smoke to Control Fusarium Wilt Disease on Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.

Wahyu Ristiani, Ratna Yuniati, Retno Lestari, Wisnu Wardhana

Abstract


The study aims to observe coconut shell liquid smoke as a bio-fungicide in controlling F. oxysporum growth. The treatment was applied on sample i.e., coconut shield liquid smoke as a bio-fungicide, compared with a chemical fungicide as a positive control, and without treatment as a negative control. The direct observation was conducted for four weeks, with treatment application every seven days. The analysis of variance test shows the difference of three treatments in controlling the F. oxysporum growth for each observation period. Still, it has no difference in average in fungal growth after treatment. According to the results of weekly observations, coconut shell liquid smoke biofungicide reduces the disease severity on the tapping fields infected by F. oxysporum in the range of 13-21%, whereas chemical fungicide reduces the disease severity in the range of 1-10%. In conclusion, the ability of coconut shell liquid smoke bio-fungicide to control is relatively shorter compared to chemical fungicide. Based on the inhibition ability of coconut shield liquid smoke, it is recommended that utilize various grades of coconut shell liquid smoke as a comparison.


Keywords


Bio-fungicide; Coconut shell liquid smoke; Fusarium oxysporum; Tapping fields

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrios, G. N. (1996). Ilmu penyakit tumbuhan (M. Busnia, Trans.). Yogyakarta, ID: Gadjah Mada University Press. Retrieved from https://onesearch.id/Record/IOS1.INLIS000000000107058#description

Ariyani, D., Mujiyanti, D. R., & Harlianto, D. U. Y. A. (2015). Studi kajian kandungan senyawa pada asap cair dari sekam padi. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia (pp. C128–C133). Surabaya, ID: Jurusan Kimia FMIPA Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Retrieved from https://repo-dosen.ulm.ac.id/handle/123456789/20860

Bao, J., Fravel, D., Lazarovits, G., Chellemi, D., van Berkum, P., & O’Neill, N. (2004). Biocontrol genotypes of Fusarium oxysporum from tomato fields in Florida. Phytoparasitica, 32(1), 9–20. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278286499_Biocontrol_Genotypes_of_Fusarium_oxysporum_from_Tomato_Fields_in_Florida

Cadwallader, K. R. (2007). Wood smoke flavor. In L. M. L. Nollet (Ed.), Handbook of Meat, Poultry and Seafood Quality (pp. 201–210). Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470277829.ch15

Channon, B. A. G., & Thomson, M. C. (1973). The effect of benomyl on the infection of tomatoes by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici and Botrytis cinerea. Annals of Applied Biology, 75(1), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1973.tb01334.x

Chu, D., Xinyu Z., Jun M., Stavros A., Lei X. & Yushuang L. (2019). A greener approach to byproducts from the production of heat-treated poplar wood: Analysis of volatile organic compound emissions and antimicobial activities of its condensate. Journal of Cleaner Production, 213(2019), 521-527. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.163

Cowan, M. M. (1999). Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 12(4), 564–582. https://doi.org/10.1128/CMR.12.4.564

Darmadji, P. (2002). Optimasi proses pembuatan tepung asap. Agritech, 22(4), 172–177. Retrieved from https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/agritech/article/view/13538

Fardiaz, S. (1992). Mikrobiologi pangan (1st ed.). Jakarta, ID: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Retrieved from https://opac.perpusnas.go.id/DetailOpac.aspx?id=355696#

Fourie, G. (2008). Evolutionary biology of Fusarium oxysporum f.s.p. cubense. University of Pretoria. Retrieved from https://repository.up.ac.za/handle/2263/29586

Grimwood, B. E., & Ashman, F. (1975). Coconut palm products: Their processing in developing countries. Rome, IT: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=fY5hLeJ-WW4C

Haji, A. G. (2013). Komponen kimia asap cair hasil pirolisis limbah padat kelapa sawit. Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan, 9(3), 109–116. https://doi.org/10.23955/rkl.v9i3.779

Hattula, T., Elfving, K., Mroueh, U.-M., & Luoma, T. (2001). Use of liquid smoke flavouring as an alternative to traditional flue gas smoking of rainbow trout fillets (Oncorhynchus mykiss). LWT - Food Science and Technology, 34(8), 521–525. https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.2001.0794

Indrayani, Y., Oramahi, H. A., & Nurhaida. (2011). Evaluasi asap cair sebagai bio-termitisida untuk pengendalian rayap tanah Coptotermes sp. Tengkawang Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan, 1(2), 87–96. Retrieved from https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/tengkawang/article/view/126

Jayasinghe, C. K. (1999). Rubber diseases to be cautious in the next millennium and strategies in prevention and control. Bulletin of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 40, 32–38. Retrieved from http://www.rrisl.gov.lk/content/files/annualReports/Bulletin Content Page_Vol.40-1999.pdf

Kaewchai, S., Soytong, K., & Hyde, K. D. (2009). Mycofungicides and fungal biofertilizers. Fungal Diversity, 38, 25–50. Retrieved from https://www.fungaldiversity.org/fdp/sfdp/FD38-2.pdf

Kailaku, S. I., Syakir, M., Mulyawanti, I., & Syah, A. N. A. (2017). Antimicrobial activity of coconut shell liquid smoke. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 206, 012050. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/206/1/012050

Kranz, J. (1988). Measuring plant disease. In J. Kranz & J. Rotem (Eds.), Experimental Techniques in Plant Disease Epidemiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-95534-1_4

Leslie, J. F., & Summerell, B. A. (2006). The fusarium laboratory manual. Wiley. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=euqhQ8J-dZoC

Li, B.-X., Shi, T., Liu, X.-B., Lin, C.-H., & Huang, G.-X. (2014). First report of rubber tree stem rot caused by Fusarium oxysporum in China. Plant Disease, 98(7), 1008. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-14-0004-PDN

Lingbeck, J. M., Cordero, P., O’Bryan, C. A., Johnson, M. G., Ricke, S. C., & Crandall, P. G. (2014). Functionality of liquid smoke as an all-natural antimicrobial in food preservation. Meat Science, 97(2), 197–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.02.003

Lombok, J. Z., Setiaji, B., Trisunaryanti, W., & Wijaya, K. (2014). Effect of pyrolisis temperature and distillation on character of coconut shell liquid smoke. In Proceeding of International Conference on Research, Implementation and Education of Mathematics and Sciences 2014 (pp. C87–C96). Yogyakarta, ID: Yogyakarta State University. Retrieved from https://eprints.uny.ac.id/11372/

Miler, K. M. B., & Sikorski, Z. E. (1990). Smoking. In Z. E. Sikorski (Ed.), Seafood: Resources, Nutritional Composition, and Preservation (pp. 163–180). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press

Misato, T., & Kakiki, K. 1977. Inhibition of fungal cell wall synthesis and cell membrane function. Antifungal Compounds, Vol. 2. New York

Mugiastuti, E., & Manan, A. (2009). Pemanfaatan asap cair untuk mengendalikan Fusarium oxysporum dan Meloidogyne spp. Jurnal Pembangunan Pedesaan, 9(1), 43–49. Retrieved from http://jurnal.lppm.unsoed.ac.id/ojs/index.php/Pembangunan/article/view/153

Muklasin, & Matondang, C. O. (2013). Trend perkembangan serangan hama dan penyakit tanaman karet di Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Retrieved from https://adoc.pub/trend-perkembangan-seranganhama-dan-penyakit-tanaman-karet-.html

Omidpanah, S., Sadeghi, H., Sarcheshmeh, M. M., & Manayi, A. (2015). Evaluation of antifungal activity of aqueous extracts of some medicinal plants against Aspergillus flavus, pistachio aflatoxin producing fungus in vitro. Drug Development and Therapeutics, 6(2), 66–69. https://doi.org/10.4103/2394-6555.162446

Pangestu, E., Suswanto, I., & Supriyanto. (2014). Uji penggunaan asap cair tempurung kelapa dalam pengendalian Phytophthora sp. penyebab penyakit busuk buah kakao secara in vitro. Jurnal Perkebunan Dan Lahan Tropika, 4(2), 39–44. Retrieved from https://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/perkebunan/article/view/9375

Ploetz, R. C. (2006). Fusarium-induced diseases of tropical, perennial crops. Phytopathology, 96(6), 648–652. https://doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-96-0648

Ploetz, R. C. (2007). Diseases of tropical perennial crops: Challenging problems in diverse environments. Plant Disease, 91(6), 644–663. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-91-6-0644

Ramadiani, Ramadhani, M. S., Jundillah, M. L., & Azainil. (2019). Rubber plant disease diagnostic system using technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution. Procedia Computer Science, 161, 484–492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.148

Semangun, H. (2000). Penyakit-penyakit tanaman perkebunan di Indonesia. Yogyakarta, ID: Gadjah Mada University Press. Retrieved from https://onesearch.id/Record/IOS13488.NADAR-06090000010131#description

Tegang, A. S., Pierre Desire M., Nakkarike M. S., Nikaise F. D. N., & Leopold T. N. (2020). Characterization of volatile compounds of liquid smoke flavourings from some tropical hardwoods. Scientific African, 8, 2468-2276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sciaf.2020.e00443

Towsend, G. R., & Heuberger, J. W. (1943). Methods for estimating losses caused by disease in fungicide experiments. Plant Disease Reporter, 27(17), 340–343. Retrieved from http://worldveg.tind.io/record/45569

Wei, X., Chen, M., Xiao, J., Liu, Y., Yu, L., Zhang, H., & Wang, Y. (2010). Composition and bioactivity of tea flower polysaccharides obtained by different methods. Carbohydrate Polymers, 79(2), 418-422. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.08.030

Yang, C., Hamel, C., Vujanovic, V., & Gan, Y. (2011). Fungicide: Modes of action and possible impact on nontarget microorganisms. ISRN Ecology, 2011, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/130289

Zuraida, I., Sukarno, & Budijanto, S. (2011). Antibacterial activity of coconut shell liquid smoke (CS-LS) and its application on fish ball preservation. International Food Research Journal, 18, 405-410. Retrieved from http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my/18%20(01)%202011/(42)%20IFRJ-2010-100.pdf




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v44i1.2355

Copyright (c) 2022 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.