Land Characteristics Impact Productivity and Quality of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) in Java, Indonesia

Nur Azizah, Sri Lestari Purnamaningsih, Sisca Fajriani

Abstract


Environmental condition plays an important on ginger production and its quality especially gingerol. Ginger exploration from various environmental conditions was carried out to obtain collection of ginger accessions that potentially developed as superior quality planting material. The study was aimed to assess the productivity and quality of gingers from different topography. The explorations of ginger accession was conducted in low-mid land and upland  area within Java island, Indonesia from June to August 2018. A total of 24 ginger accessions were collected, consisting of 11 big white ginger, 8 small white ginger, and 5 red ginger. Differences in environment condition (i.e topography) affected ginger productivity and gingerol content. The highest productivity of ginger for big white ginger, red and small white ginger were 32, 15 and 23 t/ha, respectively. The gingerol content was higher in red ginger (4-5%) than big white (3-4%) and small white (1%) gingers. However, there were two accessions of small white ginger contained gingerol above the average accessions of small white ginger, as well as higher than big white (4%) and red gingers (6%). Overall, land characteristics controlled yield and diameter of ginger rhizome through soil properties both chemical (e.g CEC) and physical (e.g soil texture).  


Keywords


Ginger accession; Ginger productivity; Gingerol; Land characteristics; Zingiber officinale

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agbede, T. M., & Adekiya, A. O. (2018). The effect of tillage on soil physical and chemical properties and yield of ginger. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 83(4), 315–320. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/207931

Agbede, T. M. (2019). Influence of Five Years of Tillage and Poultry Manure Application on Soil Properties and Ginger (Ziginber officinale Roscoe) Productivity. Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, 22(2), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-018-0155-0

Bermawie, N., & Purwiyanti, S. (2011). Botani, sistematika dan keragaman kultivar jahe. In Status teknologi hasil penelitian jahe (pp. 1-19). Bogor, ID: Balai Penelitian Tanaman Obat dan Aromatik. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/document/335760055/botani-sistematikadan-keragaman-kultivar-jahe-pdf

BPS. (2017). Statistik tanaman obat Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/subject/55/horti k u l tura.html#subjekViewTab6

Chaudhari, P. R., Ahire, D. V, Ahire, V. D., Chkravarty, M., & Maity, S. (2013). Soil bulk density as related to soil texture, organic matter content and available total nutrients of coimbatore soil. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(2), 1–8. Retrieved from http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0213/ijsrp-p1439.pdf

Djazuli, M., & Sukarman. (2007). The effect of growth environment on growth and productivity of ginger. Paper presented at Prosiding Seminar Nasional XIII PERSADA: Pembangunan Nasional Berbasis IPTEK untuk Kemandirian Bangsa, Bogor (pp. 96-99). Bogor, ID: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Gao, X., Zhang, S., Zhao, X., & Wu, Q. (2018). Potassium induced plant resistance against soybean cyst nematode via root exudation of phenolic acids and plant pathogen-related genes. PLOS ONE, 13 (7): e0200903. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200903.

Gupta, C. K., & Kumar, R. (2019). Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Upland and Lowland Agro-Ecosystem of Garhwa District , Jharkhand. 37(March), 393–397.

Ilyas, S., Palupi, E. R., & Susila, A. D. (2016). Growth, yield and quality of ginger from produced through early senescence. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 6(1), 21–28. Retrieved from http://www.ijastnet.com/journals/Vol_6_No_1_February_2016/4.pdf

Islam, M.S., Rahman, K.M.M., & Hasan, M.K. (2011). Profitability and resource use efficiency of producing major spices in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh journal of agricultural economics, XXXIV (1&2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.199330

Kizhakkayil, J., & Sasikumar, B. (2011). Diversity, characterization and utilization of ginger: A review. Plant Genetic Resources, 9(3), 464–477. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262111000670

Lazarovitch, N., Vanderborght, J., Jin, Y., & van Genuchten, M.T. (2018). The root zone: soil physics and beyond. Vadose Zone J, 17, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2018.01.0002

Mao, H., Ran, L., & Li, H. (2016). Study on soil nutrient contents and nutrient characteristics of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Agricultural Science & Technology, 17(1), 92–95. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/openview/a00aefbe4eeebc5bc2df6034afa174b0/1?cbl=1596357&pq-origsite=gscholar

Murni, S., Pujiastuti, I. S. S., & Octoria, D. (2017). Improving the production quality of atsiri oil industry through the introduction of equipment and diversification of raw materials. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 6(Supplementary Issue 1), 32–41. Retrieved from http://buscompress.com/uploads/3/4/9/8/34980536/riber_6-s1_sp_a17-061_32-41.pdf

Nugroho, R. A., & Ningsih, E. A. (2017). Produksi tanaman obat. In Z. Salim & E. Munadi (Eds.), Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Perdagangan (pp. 9–20). Jakarta, ID: Badan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Perdagangan Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia. Retrieved from http://bppp.kemendag.go.id/media_content/2017/12/Isi_BRIK_Tanaman_Obat.pdf

Nwaogu, E. N. (2014). Soil fertility changes and their effects on ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) yield response in an ultisol under different pigeon pea hedgerow alley management in South Eastern Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(28), 2158–2166. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar2013.7291

Pandey, V., Shukla, S., Saxena, J., Khan, S., & Kumar, R. (2018). Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) productivity in tree based agro forestry system. JOJ Horticulture & Arboriculture, 1(4), 555568. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327221775_Ginger_Zingiber_Officinale_Rosc_Productivity_in_Tree_Based_Agro_Forestry_System

Ravindran, P. N., & Babu, K. N. (2004). Ginger: The genus zingiber (1st ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Retrieved from https://www.crcpress.com/Ginger-The-Genus-Zingiber/Ravindran-Babu/p/book/9780415324687

Riptanti, E. W., Qonita, A., & Fajarningsih, R. U. (2018). Potentials of sustainable development of medicinal plants in Wonogiri regency of Central Java province of Indonesia. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 24(5), 742–749. Retrieved from https://www.agrojournal.org/24/05-03.pdf

Rostiana, O., Efendi, D. S., & Bermawie, N. (2007). Teknologi unggulan jahe. Booklet Puslitbangbun (Vol. 16). Bogor, ID: Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=4580333649652769608&hl=en&oi=scholarr

Semwal, R. B., Semwal, D. K., Combrinck, S., & Viljoen, A. M. (2015). Gingerols and shogaols: Important nutraceutical principles from ginger. Phytochemistry, 117, 554–568. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2015.07.012

Srinivasan, V., Thankamani, C. K., Dinesh, R., Kandiannan, K., Hamza, S., Leela, N. K., & John Zachariah, T. (2019). Variations in soil properties, rhizome yield and quality as influenced by different nutrient management schedules in rainfed ginger. Agricultural Research, 8(2), 218–230. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-018-0382-y

Sukarman, & Melati. (2011). Produksi benih jahe (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) sehat. In Status teknologi hasil penelitian jahe (pp. 20-30). Bogor, ID: Balai Penelitian Tanaman Obat dan Aromatik. Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/doc/214406360/produksi-benih-jahe

Syafitri, D. M., Levita, J., Mutakin, M., & Diantini, A. (2018). A review: Is ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Roscoe) potential for future phytomedicine? Indonesian Journal of Applied Sciences, 8(1), 8–13. https://doi.org/10.24198/ijas.v8i1.16466

Tavakol, E., Jakli, B., Cakmak, I., Dittert, K., Karlovsky, P., Pfohl, K., & Senbayram, M. (2018). Optimized potassium nutrition improves plant-waterrelations of barley under PEG-induces osmotic stress. Plant soil, 430, 23-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-018-3704-8.

Uddin, F. (2008). Clays, nano clays, and montmorillonite minerals. Metall Mater Trans, 39, 2804–2814. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-008-9603-5

Vishkaee, F.M., Mohammadi, M.H., & Vanclooster, M. (2014). Predicting the soil moisture retention curve, from soil particle size distribution and bulk density data using a packing density scaling factor. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 4053-4063. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-18-4053-2014

Xizhen, A., Jinfeng, S., & Xia, X. (2005). Ginger production in Southeast Asia. In P. N. Ravindran, & K. Nirmal Babu (Eds.), Ginger: The genus zingiber (pp. 241-278). Boca Raton: CRC Press. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429120770/chapters/10.1201/9781420023367-10




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v41i3.2321

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.