Genetic Potential of Agronomic Traits and Seed Physicochemical Properties of Novel Jatropha Lines Developed from Complex Interspecific Hybridization

Narathid Muakrong, Peerasak Srinives

Abstract

khk
Fifteen jatropha lines were obtained from complex crossing between progenies derived from interspecific hybridization of Jatropha curcas and J. integerrima. They were evaluated for variability and association in yield, yield components, oil content, fatty acid composition, phorbol esters content, and growth characters. The major fatty acids in seed were oleic and linoleic acids, with a negative correlation among them. Seed yield showed a positive correlation with number of fruits per inflorescence and seeds per fruit, 100 seed weight and canopy size. A path coefficient analysis showed that number of fruits per inflorescence and canopy width had high positive direct relationship with seed yield per plant. Most characters showed high broad-sense heritability. Clustering by traits classified the breeding lines into five groups with a large distance between groups. The members in each group comprised lines of the same or similar pedigrees. Cluster I was the high seed yield group comprising two accessions (KUJL23 and KUJL18). Clustering based on principle components classified them into four groups. The lines in cluster II and III from cluster analysis were included in one group, while members of the other groups were the same in both clustering methods.

Keywords


Genetic potential; Jatropha; Interspecific hybrid; Physicochemical

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achten, W. M. J., Nielsen, L. R., Aerts, R., Lengkeek, A. G., Kjær, E. D., Trabucco, A., … Muys, B. (2010). Towards domestication of Jatropha curcas. Biofuels, 1(1), 91–107. https://doi.org/10.4155/bfs.09.4

Akbar, E., Yaakob, Z., Kamarudin, S. K., Ismail, M., & Salimon, J. (2009). Characteristic and composition of Jatropha curcas oil seed from Malaysia and its potential as biodiesel feedstock feedstock. European Journal of Scientific Research, 29(3), 396–403. Retrieved https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/38bb/63b4ef50ae920ade5dc0b15eacdb9ece3685.pdf.

Allard, R. W. (1960). Principles of plant breeding (1st ed.). New York: John Willey and Sons Inc. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books/about/Principles_of_Plant_Breeding.html?id=W0xGcAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y

Das, S., Misra, R. C., Mahapatra, A. K., Gantayat, B. P., & Pattnaik, R. K. (2010). Genetic variability, character association and path analysis in Jatropha curcas. World Applied Sciences Journal, 8(11), 1304–1308. Retrieved from https://www.idosi.org/wasj/wasj8(11)/2.pdf

Dewey, D. R., & Lu, K. H. (1959). A correlation and path-coefficient analysis of components of crested wheatgrass seed production. Agronomy Journal, 51(9), 515–518. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1959.00021962005100090002x

Divakara, B. N., Upadhyaya, H. D., Wani, S. P., & Gowda, C. L. L. (2010). Biology and genetic improvement of Jatropha curcas L.: A review. Applied Energy, 87(3), 732–742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.07.013

Djajadi, & Hidayati, S. N. (2013). Effect of irrigation interval and soil amendments on soil organic C, nitrogen and potassium of sandy soil and growth of Jatropha curcas L. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 35(2), 160–166. https://doi.org/10.17503/Agrivita-2013-35-2-p160-166

Falconer, D. S., & Mackay, T. F. C. (1996). Introduction to quantitative genetics (4th ed.). Pearson Prentice Hall. Retrieved from https://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Quantitative-Genetics-Douglas-Falconer/dp/0582243025

Fox, J. (2005). The R commander: A basic-statistics graphical user interface to R. Journal of Statistical Software, 14(9), 1–42. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v014.i09

Francis, G., Oliver, J., & Sujatha, M. (2013). Non-toxic jatropha plants as a potential multipurpose multi-use oilseed crop. Industrial Crops and Products, 42, 397–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.06.015

Heller, J. (1996). Physic nut. Jatropha curcas L. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 1. Gatersleben/ Rome: Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Re-search/ International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Retrieved from https://www.bioversityinternational.org/fileadmin/_migrated/uploads/tx_news/Physic_nut__Jatropha_curcas_L._161.pdf

King, A. J., He, W., Cuevas, J. A., Freudenberger, M., Ramiaramanana, D., & Graham, I. A. (2009). Potential of Jatropha curcas as a source of renewable oil and animal feed. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60(10), 2897–2905. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp025

Li, C. Y., Devappa, R. K., Liu, J. X., Lv, J. M., Makkar, H. P. S., & Becker, K. (2010). Toxicity of Jatropha curcas phorbol esters in mice. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48(2), 620–625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2009.11.042

Makkar, H. P. S., Becker, K., Sporer, F., & Wink, M. (1997). Studies on nutritive potential and toxic constituents of different provenances of Jatropha curcas. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45(8), 3152–3157. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970036j

Mishra, D. K. (2009). Selection of candidate plus phenotypes of Jatropha curcas L. using method of paired comparisons. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33(3), 542–545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.08.004

Montes, J. M., Technow, F., Bohlinger, B., & Becker, K. (2013). Seed quality diversity, trait associations and grouping of accessions in Jatropha curcas L. Industrial Crops and Products, 51, 178–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.08.046

Muakrong, N., One, K. T., Tanya, P., & Srinives, P. (2014). Interspecific jatropha hybrid as a new promising source of woody biomass. Plant Genetic Resources, 12(S1), S17–S20. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262113000518

Muakrong, N., Phetcharat, C., Tanya, P., & Srinives, P. (2014). Breeding field crops for ornamental purpose: A case in Jatropha spp. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 36(3), 229–234. https://doi.org/10.17503/Agrivita-2014-36-3-229-234

Muakrong, N., Tanya, P., & Srinives, P. (2014). “Kamphaeng saen 1”, “kamphaeng saen 2”, and “kamphaeng saen 3”: New ornamental jatropha cultivars derived through an interspecific cross. HortScience, 49(8), 1083–1085. https://doi.org/10.21273/hortsci.49.8.1083

Nietsche, S., Vendrame, W. A., Crane, J. H., Pereira, M. C. T., Costa, A., & Reis, S. T. (2015). Variability in reproductive traits in Jatropha curcas L. accessions during early developmental stages under warm subtropical conditions. GCB Bioenergy, 7(1), 122–134. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12113

One, K. T., Muakrong, N., Phetcharat, C., Tanya, P., & Srinives, P. (2014). Inheritance of dwarfiness and erect growth habit in progenies of Jatropha curcas × Jatropha integerrima. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 139(5), 582–586. https://doi.org/10.21273/jashs.139.5.582

One, K. T., Tanya, P., Muakrong, N., Laosatit, K., & Srinives, P. (2014). Phenotypic and genotypic variability of F2 plants derived from Jatropha curcas×integerrima hybrid. Biomass and Bioenergy, 67, 582–586. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.04.036

Parthiban, K. T., Senthil Kumar, R., Thiyagarajan, P., Subbulakshmi, V., Vennila, S., & Govinda Rao, M. (2009). Hybrid progenies in Jatropha - a new development. Current Science, 96(6), 815–823. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/24104519

R Development Core Team. (2010). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Retrieved from http://www.r-project.org/

Rao, G. R., Korwar, G. R., Shanker, A. K., & Ramakrishna, Y. S. (2008). Genetic associations, variability and diversity in seed characters, growth, reproductive phenology and yield in Jatropha curcas (L.) accessions. Trees, 22(5), 697–709. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-008-0229-4

Rosado, T. B., Laviola, B. G., Faria, D. A., Pappas, M. R., Bhering, L. L., Quirino, B., & Grattapaglia, D. (2010). Molecular markers reveal limited genetic diversity in a large germplasm collection of the biofuel crop Jatropha curcas L. in Brazil. Crop Science, 50, 2372–2382. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2010.02.0112

Shabanimofrad, M., Rafii, M. Y., Megat Wahab, P. E., Biabani, A. R., & Latif, M. A. (2013). Phenotypic, genotypic and genetic divergence found in 48 newly collected Malaysian accessions of Jatropha curcas L. Industrial Crops and Products, 42, 543–551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.06.023

Shen, J. L., Jia, X. N., Ni, H. Q., Sun, P. G., Niu, S. H., & Chen, X. Y. (2010). AFLP analysis of genetic diversity of Jatropha curcas grown in Hainan, China. Trees, 24, 455–462. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-010-0413-1

Sujatha, M., & Prabakaran, A. J. (2003). New ornamental Jatropha hybrids through interspecific hybridization. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50, 75–82. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022961028064

Tanya, P., Dachapak, S., Tar, M. M., & Srinives, P. (2013). New microsatellite markers classifying nontoxic and toxic Jatropha curcas. Journal of Genetics, 92(Suppl. 2), 76–78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12041-011-0093-7

Tar, M. M., Tanya, P., & Srinives, P. (2011). Heterosis of agronomic characters in jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.). Kasetsart Journal - Natural Science, 45, 583–593. Retrieved from http://kasetsartjournal.ku.ac.th/kuj_files/2011/A1109201414229327.pdf

Tripathi, A., Mishra, D. K., & Shukla, J. K. (2013). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance of growth and yield components of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas Linn.) genotypes. Trees, 27(4), 1049–1060. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-013-0856-2

Vijayanand, V., Senthil, N., Vellaikumar, S., & Paramathma, M. (2009). Genetic diversity of Indian Jatropha species as revealed by morphological and ISSR markers. Journal of Crop Science and Biotechnology, 12, 115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-009-0081-0

Ward Jr, J. H. (1963). Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 58(301), 236–244. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1963.10500845

Yi, C., Reddy, C., Varghese, K., Ha Bui, T. N., Zhang, S., Kallath, M., … Hong, Y. (2014). A new Jatropha curcas variety (JO S2) with improved seed productivity. Sustainability, 6(7), 4355–4368. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6074355

Yue, G. H., Lo, L. C., Sun, F., Cao, S. Y., Yi, C. X., Hong, Y., & Sun, W. B. (2014). No variation at 29 microsatellites in the genome of Jatropha curcas. Journal of Genomics, 2, 59–63. https://doi.org/10.7150/jgen.7435




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v41i0.2306

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.