Salinity-Induced Changes in the Nutritional Quality of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes

Muhammad Nadeem, Muhammad Nouman Tariq, Muhammad Amjad, Muhammad Sajjad, Muhammad Akram, Muhammad Imran, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Tanweer Aslam Gondal, Nadezhda Kenijz, Dmitriy Kulikov

Abstract

khk
This research project was undertaken to study salinity stress changes in the nutritional quality of wheat genotypes. Four wheat genotypes SARC-1, SARC-5, SARC-7, and SARC-8 were grown under nonsaline and saline (7.5 dS/m and 15 dS/m) treatments. Salinity was created artificially by the addition of NaCl in soil before filling in pots. Recommended fertilizers N (120 kg/ha), P (100 kg/ha) and K (60 kg/ha) were used in the form of Urea, diammonium phosphate (DAP) and sulphate of potash (SOP) in both saline and non-saline treatments. The grains of wheat genotypes were evaluated for nutritional quality i.e. chemical composition, mineral contents, wet and dry gluten, gliadin and glutenin, and SDS-sedimentation value. The results showed that growth parameters (biological yield, number of grains, thousand grain weight, grain yield and grain length) were affected significantly by salinity stress. Protein contents were increased with salinity, whereas other parameters (moisture, ash, fat, fiber, glutenin, and SDS-Sedimentation value) were decreased by increasing salinity stress. Similarly, Na content increased while K, Ca, P, Fe, Mg and Zn decreased significantly by increasing salinity stress. Salinity stress affect positively on protein contents in grain of all wheat genotypes. SARC-7 and SARC-5 performed better than SARC-1 and SARC-8.

Keywords


Nutritional profile; Salinity; Salt tolerant; Wheat varieties; Wheat

Full Text:

PDF

References


AACC. (2000). Approved methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists (10th ed.). American Association of Cereal Chemists. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=xJwQAQAAMAAJ

Abbas, G., Saqib, M., Rafique, Q., Atiq ur Rahman, M., Akhtar, J., Anwar ul Haq, M., & Nasim, M. (2013). Effect of salinity on grain yield and grain quality of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 50(2), 185–189. Retrieved from https://www.pakjas.com.pk/papers/2138.pdf

Acosta-Motos, J. R., Ortuño, M. F., Bernal-Vicente, A., Diaz-Vivancos, P., Sanchez-Blanco, M. J., & Hernandez, J. A. (2017). Plant responses to salt stress: Adaptive mechanisms. Agronomy, 7(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy7010018

Ahanger, M. A., Akram, N. A., Ashraf, M., Alyemeni, M. N., Wijaya, L., & Ahmad, P. (2017). Plant responses to environmental stresses - from gene to biotechnology. AoB PLANTS, 9(4), plx025. https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plx025

Akhkha, A., Boutraa, T., & Alhejely, A. (2011). The rates of photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, dark respiration, proline and abscicic acid (ABA) in wheat (Triticum durum) under water deficit conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 13(2), 215–221. Retrieved from https://www.fspublishers.org/Issue.php?y=2011&v_no=13&categoryID=52

Allakhverdiev, S. I., Sakamoto, A., Nishiyama, Y., & Murata, N. (2000). Inactivation of photosystems I and II in response to osmotic stress in Synechococcus. Contribution of water channels. Plant Physiology, 122(4), 1201–1208. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.122.4.1201

Arzani, A. (2008). Improving salinity tolerance in crop plants: A biotechnological view. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology - Plant, 44(5), 373–383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11627-008-9157-7

Asad, M., Mahmood, Z., & Mudassar, M. (2017). Conservation cropping systems in Pakistani agriculture: Incursion of soil surface plant residue on weed management. Agricultural Research & Technology, 11(5), 555829. https://doi.org/10.19080/ARTOAJ.2017.11.555829

Ashraf, M., & Shahbaz, M. (2003). Assessment of genotypic variation in salt tolerance of early CIMMYT hexaploid wheat germplasm using photosynthetic capacity and water relations as selection criteria. Photosynthetica, 41, 273-280. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PHOT.0000011961.33120.b6

Bae, J.-H. (2010). Lipid composition and differences in crude fat contents in wheat flour and dry noodles according to determination methods. The Korean Journal of Food and Nutrition, 23(3), 381-385. Retrieved from http://www.eksfan.or.kr/journal/article.php?code=8739

Chen, D., Wang, S., Yin, L., & Deng, X. (2018). How does silicon mediate plant water uptake and loss under water deficiency? Frontiers in Plant Science, 9, 281. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.00281

Cramer, G. R., & Nowak, R. S. (1992). Supplemental manganese improves the relative growth, net assimilation and photosynthetic rates of salt‐stressed barley. Physiologia Plantarum, 84(4), 600–605. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb04710.x

Dar, S. R., Thomas, T., Dagar, J. C., Lal, K., Mir, A. H., Kumar, A., … Singh, D. (2012). Zinc and cadmium availability as affected by zinc fertilization and saline water irrigation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown on cadmium polluted soil. African Journal of Agricultural Reseearch, 7(35), 4996–5004. Retrieved from https://academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/article-full-text-pdf/EDF13F034839

Eleiwa, M. E., Bafee, S. O., & Ibrahim, S. A. (2011). Influence of Brassinosteroids on wheat plant (Triticum aestivum L.) production under salinity stress conditions I- growth parameters and photosynthetic pigments. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(5), 58–65. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4017/35ccb475596a57bc2a00e6d20ea219db6f36.pdf

FAO. (2011). Plant nutrition management service. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/tempref/agl/agll/docs/sudan.pdf

Giraldo, P., Benavente, E., Manzano-Agugliaro, F., & Gimenez, E. (2019). Worldwide research trends on wheat and barley: A bibliometric comparative analysis. Agronomy, 9(7), 352. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9070352

Hamza, F. E. A., & Elahmadi, A. B. (2014). Evaluation of salt tolerant bread wheat genotypes in Sudan. Mycopath, 12(2), 103–111. Retrieved from http://journals.pu.edu.pk/journals/index.php/mycopath/article/view/518

Hassan, I. A. (2004). Interactive effects of salinity and ozone pollution on photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, growth, and assimilate partitioning of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Photosynthetica, 42(1), 111–116. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PHOT.0000040578.93542.61

Hossain, A. A., Halim, M. A., Hossain, F., & Meher Niger, M. A. (2006). Effects of NaCl salinity on some physiological characters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 35(1), 9–15. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286560274_E f f e c t s _ o f _ N a C l _ s a l i n i t y _ o n _ s o m e _physiological_characters_of_wheat_Triticum_aestivum_L

Houshmand, S., Arzani, A., & Mirmohammadi-Maibody, S. A. M. (2014). Effects of salinity and drought stress on grain quality of durum wheat. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45(3), 297–308. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.861911

ICAR. (2016). Annual report 2016-17. Karnal, India: Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research. Retrieved from https://www.iiwbr.org/annual_reports/IIWBR%20Annual%20Report%202016-17.pdf

Jamil, M., Bashir, S., Anwar, S., Bibi, S., Bangash, A., Ullah, F., & Rha, E. S. (2012). Effect of salinity on physiological and biochemical characteristics of different varieties of rice. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44, 7–13. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?-doi=10.1.1.658.6914&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Katerji, N., van Hoorn, J. W., Hamdy, A., & Mastrorilli, M. (2004). Comparison of corn yield response to plant water stress caused by salinity and by drought. Agricultural Water Management, 65(2), 95–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2003.08.001

Machado, R. M. A., & Serralheiro, R. P. (2017). Soil salinity: Effect on vegetable crop growth. Management practices to prevent and mitigate soil salinization. Horticulturae, 3(2), 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae3020030

Ministry of Finance. (2011). Pakistan economic survey 2010-11. Islamabad, Pakistan: Economic Adviser’s Wing, Finance Division, Government of Pakistan. Retrieved from http://www.ndma.gov.pk/Publications/Pakistan Economic Survey2010-11.pdf

Murillo-Amador, B., Troyo-Dieguez, E., Lopez-Cortes, A., Tinoco-Ojanguren, C. L., Jones, H. G., & Ayala-Chairez, F. (2000). Path analysis of cowpea early seedling growth under saline conditions. Phyton, 67, 85-92. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.co.id/scholar?cluster=7164054842142985705&hl=en&oi=scholarr

Naseer, S., Rasul, E., & Ashraf, M. (2001). Effect of foliar application of indole-3-acetic acid on growth and yield attributes of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under salt stress. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 3(1), 139–142. Retrieved from http://www.fspublishers.org/published_papers/11470_..pdf

Park, S. H., Wilson, J. D., & Seabourn, B. W. (2009). Starch granule size distribution of hard red winter and hard red spring wheat: Its effects on mixing and breadmaking quality. Journal of Cereal Science, 49(1), 98–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2008.07.011

Rehman, A., Jingdong, L., Shahzad, B., Chandio, A. A., Hussain, I., Nabi, G., & Iqbal, M. S. (2015). Economic perspectives of major field crops of Pakistan: An empirical study. Pacific Science Review B: Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(3), 145–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psrb.2016.09.002

Salehi, M., & Arzani, A. (2013). Grain quality traits in triticale influenced by field salinity stress. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7(5), 580–587. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Maryam_Salehi7/publication/260517078_Grain_quality_traits_in_triticale_influenced_by_field_salinity_stress/links/0046353179d5252e2b000000.pdf

Saqib, M, Akhtar, J., Qureshi, R. H., Aslam, M., & Nawaz, S. (2000). Effect of salinity and sodicity on growth and ionic relations of different wheat genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Soil Science, 18(1–4), 99–104. Retrieved from http://www.se.org.pk/Papers.aspx?issueid=50

Saqib, M., Akhtar, J., & Qureshi, R. H. (2004). Pot study on wheat growth in saline and waterlogged compacted soil: I. Grain yield and yield components. Soil and Tillage Research, 77(2), 169–177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2003.12.004

Shafi, M., Bakht, J., Khan, M. J., Khan, M. A., & Anwar, S. (2010). Effect of salinity on yield and ion accumulation of wheat genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(6), 4113–4121. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shazma_Anwar/publication/266467458_E f f e c t _ o f _ s a l i n i t y _ o n _ y i e l d _ a n d _ i o n _a c c u m u l a t i o n _ o f _ w h e a t _ g e n o t y p e s /links/585b9ac908ae329d61f2a226/Effectof-salinity-on-yield-and-ion-accumulation-ofwheat-genotypes.pdf

Shrivastava, P., & Kumar, R. (2015). Soil salinity: A serious environmental issue and plant growth promoting bacteria as one of the tools for its alleviation. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(2), 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2014.12.001

Steel, R. G. D., Dickey, D. A., & Torrie, J. H. (1997). Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Suchy, J., Lukow, O. M., Brown, D., DePauw, R., Fox, S., & Humphreys, G. (2007). Rapid assessment of glutenin and gliadin in wheat by UV spectrophotometer. Crop Science, 47(1), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2006.05.0344

Turan, M. A., Elkarim, A. H. A., Taban, N., & Taban, S. (2010). Effect of salt stress on growth and ion distribution and accumulation in shoot and root of maize plant. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(7), 584–588. Retrieved from https://academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/articleabstract/B04393637402

Williams, P. W., El-Haramein, F. J., Nakkoul, H., & Riwah, S. (1986). Crop quality evaluation methods and guidelines. Technical Manual No. 14. Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas. Retrieved from https://scholar.google.com/scholar_lookup?title=Crop+quality+evaluation+methods+and+g u i d e l i n e s . + T e c h n i c a l + M a n u a l +No.14.&author=Williams+P.&publication_year=1986




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v42i1.2273

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.