Sugarcane Leaf Litter as Soil Amendment to Stimulate Collembolan Diversity

Bambang Tri Rahardjo, Rina Rachmawati, David Soetjipto

Abstract


The sugarcane leaf litter contains organic material and if it is returned to the soil, it will increase the diversity of Collembola. Collembola has an important role as a decomposer of soil organic matter and bioindicator of soil health. This study was conducted to determine the effect of sugarcane leaf litter on the diversity of Collembolan in sugarcane plantation at Kebonagung Sugar Factory, Malang. This study was conducted from March to June 2018. Transect method was used in sampling method. The pitfall traps were used to obtain Collembolan samples on the surface of the ground while the Berlese-Tullgren funnels were used to obtain Collembolan samples inside the soil. A total of 5,535 collembolan were collected. Five species were collected, including Brachystomella sp., Folsomides sp., Mesaphorura sp., Alloscopus sp., and Dicranocentrus sp. Applying sugarcane leaf litter to the soil has a positive effect on Collembolan diversity, as evidenced by the increasing value of diversity index on the soil surface from 0.53 to 1.11 and decreasing the value of dominance index on the soil surface from 0.76 to 0.43.


Keywords


Biodiversity; Collembola; Leaf litter; Sugarcane

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd Elateef, I. A., Abbas, M. S., Gaber, E. S. I., Saif, L. M. A., & El-Geddawy, I. H. (2016). Quality and yield traits of three sugar cane varieties as affected by different levels of nitrogen and potassium fertilizations in Egypt. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(2), 1253–1263. Retrieved from pdf

Bellinger, P. F., Christiansen, K. A., & Janssens, F. (2019). Checklist of the Collembola of the World. Retrieved from website

Bot, A., & Benites, J. (2005). The importance of soil organic matter: Key to drought-resistant soil and sustained food production. FAO Soils Bulletin 80. Retrieved from pdf

Cassagne, N., Gers, C., & Gauquelin, T. (2003). Relationship between Collembola, Soil chemistry and humus type in forest stands (France). Biology and Fertility of Soils, 37(6), 355–361. crossref

Cheavegatti-Gianotto, A., de Abreu, H. M. C., Arruda, P., Bespalhok Filho, J. C., Burnquist, W. L., Creste, S., … César Ulian, E. (2011). Sugarcane (Saccharum X officinarum): A reference study for the regulation of genetically modified cultivars in Brazil. Tropical Plant Biology, 4(1), 62–89. crossref

Coleman, D. C., & Wall, D. H. (2015). Soil fauna: Occurrence, biodiveristy, and roles in ecosystem function. In E. A. Paul (Ed.), Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry (4th ed., pp. 111–149). Elsevier. crossref

Culliney, T. W. (2013). Role of arthropods in maintaining soil fertility. Agriculture, 3, 629–659. crossref

Ferguson, S. H., & Joly, D. O. (2002). Dynamics of springtail and mite populations: The role of density dependence, predation, and weather. Ecological Entomology, 27(5), 565–573. crossref

Ferreira, A. S., Bellini, B. C., & Vasconcellos, A. (2013). Temporal variations of Collembola (Arthropoda: Hexapoda) in the semiarid Caatinga in northeastern Brazil. Zoologia (Curitiba), 30(6), 639–644. crossref

Garbach, K., Milder, J. C., Montenegro, M., Karp, D. S., & DeClerck, F. A. J. (2014). Biodiversity and ecosystem services in agroecosystems, Vol. 2. In Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems (2nd ed., pp. 21–40). Academic Press. crossref

Hattenschwiler, S., & Gasser, P. (2005). Soil animals alter plant litter diversity effects on decomposition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102(5), 1519–1524. crossref

Jiang, T., Schuchardt, F., Li, G., Guo, R., & Zhao, Y. (2011). Effect of C/N ratio, aeration rate and moisture content on ammonia and greenhouse gas emission during the composting. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 23(10), 1754–1760. crossref

Lawrence, K. L., & Wise, D. H. (2000). Spider predation on forest-floor Collembola and evidence for indirect effects on decomposition. Pedobiologia, 44(1), 33–39. crossref

Magdoff, F. (2001). Concept, components, and strategies of soil health in agroecosystems. Journal of Nematology, 33(4), 169–172. Retrieved from crossref

Magurran, A. E. (2004). Measuring biology diversity. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd. Retrieved from pdf

Muscardi, D. C., Schoereder, J. H., & Sperber, C. F. (2014). Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: A conceptual model of leaf litter decomposition. In Biodiversity - The Dynamic Balance of the Planet (pp. 33–50). IntechOpen. crossref

Paoletti, M. G., Osler, G. H. R., Kinnear, A., Black, D. G., Thomson, L. J., Tsitsilas, A., … D’Inca, A. (2007). Detritivores as indicators of landscape stress and soil degradation. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 47(4), 412–423. crossref

Reeve, J. R., Hoagland, L. A., Villalba, J. J., Carr, P. M., Atucha, A., Cambardella, C., … Delate, K. (2016). Organic farming, soil health, and food quality: Considering possible links. In Advances in Agronomy (pp. 319–367). Elsevier.

Santeshwari, Raghuraman, M., & Singh, J. (2015). Collembola (Insecta: Collembola) community from Varanasi and nearby regions of Uttar of Pradesh, India. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 18(2), 571–577. Retrieved from website

Sayad, E., Hosseini, S. M., Hosseini, V., & Salehe-Shooshtari, M.-H. (2012). Soil macrofauna in relation to soil and leaf litter properties in tree plantations. Journal of Forest Science, 58(4), 170–180. Retrieved from pdf

Suhardjono, Y. R., Deharveng, L., & Bedos, A. (2012). Collembola (ekorpegas). Bogor: Vegamedia.

Tarno, H., Septia, E. D., & Aini, L. Q. (2016). Microbial community associated with ambrosia beetle, Euplatypus parallelus on sonokembang, Pterocarpus indicus in Malang. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 38(3), 312–320. crossref

Verma, D., & Paliwal, A. K. (2010). Effects of springtails community on plant-growth. Biological Forum - An International Journal, 2(2), 70–72. Retrieved from pdf

Weiner, W. M., & Najt, J. (2001). Species of Brachystomella (Collembola: Brachystomellidae) from the Neotropical region. European Journal of Entomology, 98(3), 387–413. crossref

Yang, B., Zhang, W., Xu, H., Wang, S., Xu, X., Fan, H., … Ruan, H. (2018). Effects of soil fauna on leaf litter decomposition under different land uses in eastern coast of China. Journal of Forestry Research, 29(4), 973–982. crossref




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v41i2.2245

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.