Effects of Moisture Level on Nitrogen Availability in Tropical Peat Soil Cultivated with Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.)

Mohd Rizal Ariffin, Osumanu Haruna Ahmed, Isharudin Md Isa, Mohd Nizar Khairuddin

Abstract


Nitrogen release from soil is controlled by the soil moisture. Soil incubation was conducted to evaluate the effect of different moisture condition (75 %, 100 % and 150 %) on water holding capacity and fluctuating conditions between (150 % and 100 % water holding capacity) after application of urea and without urea addition. Ammonium and nitrate released were measured periodically over 70 days of incubation. Net mineralization and nitrification were measured at the end of the incubation period. Potential nitrification rate (PNR) was measured at the start and the end of incubation period. The results showed that the dynamics of NO3- did not show significant change with increased soil moisture without addition of urea. This results indicated nitrification in peat soil needed reactive N supply (urea) regardless of soil moisture conditions. Addition of urea increased the PNR ranging from 27.91 to 55.10 % compared to without urea. Fluctuating moisture condition with urea addition increased PNR by 21.82 % compared with a waterlogged condition. However, increasing soil moisture condition resulted in lower nitrate and PNR which reflect that soil moisture controlled the magnitude of PNR when urea was added.

Keywords


Nitrogen Availability; Oil Palm; Peat Soil; Soil Moisture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agehara, S., & Warncke, D. D. (2005). Soil moisture and temperature effects on nitrogen release from organic nitrogen sources. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 69, 1844–1855. crossref

Bohrerova, Z., Stralkova, R., Podesvova, J., Bohrer, G., & Pokorny, E. (2004). The relationship between redox potential and nitrification under different sequences of crop rotations. Soil and Tillage Research, 77(1), 25–33. crossref

Breuer, L., Kiese, R., & Butterbach-Bahl, K. (2002). Temperature and moisture effects on nitrification rates in tropical rain-forest soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66(3), 834–844. crossref

Furukawa, Y., Inubushi, K., Ali, M., Itang, A. M., & Tsuruta, H. (2005). Effect of changing groundwater levels caused by land-use changes on greenhouse gas fluxes from tropical peat lands. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 71(1), 81–91. crossref

Hadi, A., Inubushi, K., Purnomo, E., Razie, F., Yamakawa, K., & Tsuruta, H. (2000). Effect of land-use changes on nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from tropical peatlands. Chemosphere, 2(3-4), 347-358. crossref

Hart, S. C., Stark, J. M., Davidson, E. A., & Firestone, M. K. (1994). Nitrogen mineralization, immobilization, and nitrification. In R. W. Weaver, S. Angle, & P. Bottomly (Eds.), Methods of soil analysis. Part 2: Microbiological and biochemical properties (SSSA Book, pp. 985–1018). Madison, WI: Soil Science Society of America. Retrieved from website

Jauhiainen, J., Silvennoinen, H., Hämäläinen, R., Kusin, K., Limin, S., Raison, R. J., & Vasander, H. (2012). Nitrous oxide fluxes from tropical peat with different disturbance history and management. Biogeosciences, 9, 1337–1350. crossref

Jumadi, O., Hala, Y., Anas, I., Ali, A., Sakamoto, K., Saigusa, M., … Inubushi, K. (2008). Community structure of ammonia oxidizing bacteria and their potential to produce nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide in acid tea soils. Geomicrobiology Journal, 25(7–8), 381–389. crossref

Keeney, D. R., & Nelson, D. W. (1982). Nitrogen-Inorganic forms. In Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties (2nd ed., pp. 643–698). Madison, WI: ASA-SSSA. crossref

Killham, K. (1990). Nitrification in coniferous forest soils. Plant and Soil, 128(1), 31–44. crossref

Laiho, R., Vasander, H., Penttilä, T., & Laine, J. (2003). Dynamics of plant-mediated organic matter and nutrient cycling following water-level drawdown in boreal peatlands. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, 1053. crossref

Lu, L., Han, W., Zhang, J., Wu, Y., Wang, B., Lin, X., … Jia, Z. (2012). Nitrification of archaeal ammonia oxidizers in acid soils is supported by hydrolysis of urea. The ISME Journal, 6, 1978–1984. crossref

Lung, C. H. (2016). Statistical models for daily rainfall data: A case study in Selangor, Malaysia. Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman. Retrieved from pdf

Mohammed, T. A., Megat Mohd. Noor, M. J., & Ghazali, A. H. (2006). Study on potential uses of rainwater harvesting in urban areas. Retrieved from pdf

Murdiyarso, D., Hergoualc’h, K., & Verchot, L. V. (2010). Opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in tropical peatlands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(46), 19655–19660. crossref

Mutert, E., & Fairhurst, T. H. (1999). Oil palm clones: Productivity enhancement for the future. Better Crops International, 13(1), 45-47. Retrieved from pdf

Paramananthan, S. (2000). Soils of Malaysia: Their characteristics and identification, Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: Academy of Sciences Malaysia. Retrieved from website

Pett-Ridge, J., Petersen, D. G., Nuccio, E., & Firestone, M. K. (2013). Influence of oxic/anoxic fluctuations on ammonia oxidizers and nitrification potential in a wet tropical soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 85(1), 179–194. crossref

Rousk, J., Bååth, E., Brookes, P. C., Lauber, C. L., Lozupone, C., Caporaso, J. G., … Fierer, N. (2010). Soil bacterial and fungal communities across a pH gradient in an arable soil. The ISME Journal, 4, 1340–1351. crossref

Sahrawat, K. L. (2008). Factors affecting nitrification in soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 39(9–10), 1436–1446. crossref

SAS Institute. (2007). SAS user’s guide in statistics (9th ed.). Cary: SAS Institute, Inc.

Saunders, W. M. H., & Metson, A. J. (1971). Seasonal variation of phosphorus in soil and pasture AU. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 14(2), 307–328. crossref

Schrier-Uijl, A. P., Silvius, M., Parish, F., Lim, K. H., Rosediana, S., & Anshari, G. (2013). Environmental and social impacts of oil palm cultivation on tropical peat- a scientific review. Reports from the Technical Panels of the 2nd Greenhouse Gas Working Group of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). Retrieved from pdf

Toma, Y., Takakai, F., Darung, U., Kuramochi, K., Limin, S. H., Dohong, S., & Hatano, R. (2011). Nitrous oxide emission derived from soil organic matter decomposition from tropical agricultural peat soil in central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 57(3), 436–451. crossref

Tong, D., & Xu, R. (2012). Effects of urea and (NH4)2SO4on nitrification and acidification of Ultisols from Southern China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 24(4), 682–689. crossref

Yao, H., Gao, Y., Nicol, G. W., Campbell, C. D., Prosser, J. I., Zhang, L., … Singh, B. K. (2011). Links between ammonia oxidizer community structure, abundance, and nitrification potential in acidic soils. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 77(13), 4618–4625. crossref

Zhou, S., Sakiyama, Y., Riya, S., Song, X., Terada, A., & Hosomi, M. (2012). Assessing nitrification and denitrification in a paddy soil with different water dynamics and applied liquid cattle waste using the 15N isotopic technique. Science of the Total Environment, 430, 93–100. crossref




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v41i1.2007

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.