Radiation Use Efficiency on the Different Varieties and the Number of Seedlings of Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Agus Suryanto, Moch. Dawam Maghfoer, Tietyk Kartinaty


Selection of varieties and number of seedlings per hole in rice plants is closely related to the shape of canopy, the rate of plant growth and the age of plant which determine the ability of plants to intercept and absorb solar radiation intensity. This research aimed to improve the Radiation Use Efficiency of rice by selecting plant canopies based on varieties and number of seeds per hole. Research was conducted from November 2015 to May 2016, in Landak Regency, West Kalimantan. A Split Plot Design with three replications was adopted to evaluate three varieties (Sembada-168, Inpari-30, and local varieties) as main plot, and the number of seedlings per planting hole (one, three, five, and seven seedlings per planting hole) as sub plot. Result showed that there was no interaction between varieties and the number of seedlings per hole to Radiation Use Efficiency (RUE) on rice. RUE on local variety was lower than Sembada-168 and Inpari-30. One seedling per hole had higher RUE than seven seeds with value of 3.36 and 2.17 % respectively. The number of seedlings showed that RUE of one and three seedlings per hole were higher than seven seedlings per hole.


Leaf Area Index; Number of seedlings; Radiation Use Efficiency; Rice varieties

Full Text:



Ahmad, A., Iqbal, S., Ahmad, S., Khaliq, T., Nasim, W., Husnain, Z., … Hoogenboom, G. (2009). Seasonal growth, radiation interception, its conversion efficiency and biomass production of Oryza sativa L. under diverse agro-environments in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41(3), 1241–1257. Retrieved from PDF

Amthor, J. S. (2010). From sunlight to phytomass: on the potential efficiency of converting solar radiation to phyto-energy. New Phytologist, 188(4), 939–959. crossref

Barua, R., Islam, M., Zahan, A., Paul, S., & Shamsunnaher. (2014). Effects of spacing and number of seedlings hill-1 on the yield and yield components of BRRI dhan47. Eco-Friendly Agriculture Journal, 7(6), 65–68. Retrieved from website

BPS. (2016). Produksi padi menurut Provinsi (ton), 1993-2015. Jakarta, ID: Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved from website

Hidayati, N., Triadiati, & Anas, I. (2016). Photosynthesis and transpiration rates of rice cultivated under the system of rice intensification and the effects on growth and yield. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 23(2), 67–72. crossref

Islam, T., & Salam, M. A. (2017). Effect of number of seedlings hill-1 on the yield and yield contributing characters of short duration Aman rice cultivars. Progressive Agriculture, 28(4), 279–286. crossref

Khaliq, T., Ahmad, A., Hussain, A., & Ali, M. A. (2009). Maize hybrids response to nitrogen rates at multiple locations in semiarid environment. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41(1), 207–224. Retrieved from PDF

Kumalasari, S. N., Sudiarso, & Suryanto, A. (2017). Pengaruh jarak tanam dan jumlah bibit pada tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) hibrida varietas PP3. [ The Effect of Plant Denstities and Number of Seed on Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.) PP3 Variety]. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 5(7), 1220-1227. Retrieved from website

Lihiang, A., & Lumingkewas, S. (2017). The effect of planting distance and number of seeds on growth, production, and quality of local maize (Zea mays L.), Manado Kuning. International Journal of Applied Chemistry, 13(3), 673–690. Retrieved from PDF

Liu, Q., Zhou, X., Li, J., & Xin, C. (2017). Effects of seedling age and cultivation density on agronomic characteristics and grain yield of mechanically transplanted rice. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 14072. crossref

Monteith, J. L. (1972). Solar radiation and productivity in tropical ecosystems. Journal of Applied Ecology, 9(3), 747–766. crossref

Monteith, J., & Unsworth, M. (2013). Principles of environmental physics: Plants, animals, and the atmosphere (4th ed.). Oxford, UK: Academic Press. crossref

Murchie, E. H., Pinto, M., & Horton, P. (2009). Agriculture and the new challenges for photosynthesis research. New Phytologist, 181(3), 532–552. crossref

Pratiwi, G. R., & Sumarno. (2014). Pengaruh pupuk kandang dan kesesuaian varietas-musim tanam terhadap hasil padi sawah. [Effect of Manure and Varietal-Season Suitability on Grain Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa Linn)]. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan, 33(3), 177–187. Retrieved from PDF

Rosati, A., Metcalf, S. G., & Lampinen, B. D. (2004). A simple method to estimate photosynthetic radiation use efficiency of canopies. Annals of Botany, 93(5), 567–574. crossref

Satoto, S., Rumanti, I. A., & Widyastuti, Y. (2016). Yield stability of new hybrid rice across locations. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 38(1), 33–39. crossref

Septiadi, D., Nanlohy, P., Souissa, M., & Rumlawang, F. Y. (2009). Proyeksi potensi energi surya sebagai energi terbarukan (Studi wilayah Ambon dan sekitarnya). Jurnal Meteorologi Dan Geofisika, 10(1), 22–28. Retrieved from website

Slattery, R. A., & Ort, D. R. (2015). Photosynthetic energy conversion efficiency: Setting a baseline for gauging future improvements in important food and biofuel crops. Plant Physiology, 168(2), 383–392. crossref

Suryanto, A., Guritno, B., Sugito, Y., & Koesmaryono, Y. (2005). Efisiensi konversi energi surya pada tanaman kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) [Radiation Use Efficincy in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)]. Jurnal Agromet Indonesia, 19(1), 39–48. Retrieved from website

Tohidi, M., Nadery, A., Siadat, S., & Lak, S. (2012). Variables productivity of light interception in grain maize hybrids at various amount of nitrogen. World Applied Sciences Journal, 16(1), 86–93. Retrieved from PDF

Vargas, L. A., Andersen, M. N., Jensen, C. R., & Jørgensen, U. (2002). Estimation of leaf area index, light interception and biomass accumulation of Miscanthus sinensis “Goliath” from radiation measurements. Biomass and Bioenergy, 22(1), 1–14. crossref

Yoshida, S. (1981). Fundamentals of rice crop science. Los Baños, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Retrieved from PDF

Zaki, N., Gomaa, A. M., Galal, A., & Farrag, A. A. (2009). The associative impact of certain diazotrophs and farmyard measure on two rice varieties grown in a newly cultivated land. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 5(2), 185–190. Retrieved from website

Zeigler, R. S., & Barclay, A. (2008). The relevance of rice. Rice, 1(1), 3–10. crossref

Zhu, X.-G., Long, S. P., & Ort, D. R. (2010). Improving photosynthetic efficiency for greater yield. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 61, 235–261. crossref

Zhu, X. G., Long, S. P., & Ort, D. R. (2008). What is the maximum efficiency with which photosynthesis can convert solar energy into biomass? Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 19(2), 153–159. crossref

DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v40i3.1851


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.