The Conservation of Osingnese Traditional Home Garden Agroforestry in Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia

Luchman Hakim, Nila Ratih Pamungkas, Karuniawan Puji Wicaksono, Soemarno Soemarno


Local culture and traditions have been considered as an important factor in influencing plant species diversity and composition of home garden, but their interactive effect have not yet been investigated. This research aimed to describe the plant species diversity in traditional home gardens, identify the species with important value based on ethnobotanical indices, and describe the perception of local people towards agroforestry conservation in Osingnese Villages in Banyuwangi. Data acquisition was performed at Kopen Dukuh, Buluhsari-Kopen Cungking, and Kemiren Villages. Floristic survey was implemented at 75 home gardens. An interview was implemented for each owner. Results showed that Osingnese home gardens consist of numerous plant species. Kopen Dukuh and Buluhsari-Kopen Cungking showed a complex structure which could be considered as a complex agroforestry. Cocos nucifera, Coffea canephora, Coffea liberica, Garcinia mangostana, and Durio zibethinus were the important species in complex agroforestry. Those species composition indicated that home gardens are able to conserve native plants of Malaysian regions, particularly Indonesian flora. Agroforestry knowledge was derived from the older generations and implemented in gardening practices. They also argued that recent agroforestry is an adaptation mechanism of land management. The government did not contribute to educate and empower local people about agroforestry practices.


Agroforestry; Biodiversity conservation; Ethnobotany; Indigenous knowledge

Full Text:



Agelet, A., Bonet, M. À., & Vallés, J. (2000). Homegardens and their role as a main source of medicinal plants in mountain regions of Catalonia (Iberian Peninsula). Economic Botany, 54(3), 295–309. crossref

Alaimo, K., Packnett, E., Miles, R. A., & Kruger, D. J. (2008). Fruit and vegetable intake among urban community gardeners. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40(2), 94–101. crossref

Arnold, J. E. M., & Ruiz-Perez, M. (2001). Can non-timber forest products match tropical forest conservation and development objectives? Ecological Economics, 39(3), 437–447. crossref

Asase, A., & Tetteh, D. A. (2010). The role of complex agroforestry systems in the conservation of forest tree diversity and structure in southeastern Ghana. Agroforestry Systems, 79(3), 355–368. crossref

BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi. (2012). Kabupaten Banyuwangi dalam Angka 2012 [Banyuwangi district in figures 2012]. Banyuwangi, ID: Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Banyuwangi.

Buck, L. E., Lassoie, J. P., &Fernandes, E. C. M. (Eds.) (1998). Agroforestry in sustainable agricultural systems (Advances in Agroecology). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.

Christanty, L., Mailly, D., & Kimmins, J. P. (1996). “Without bamboo, the land dies”: Biomass, litterfall, and soil organic matter dynamics of a Javanese bamboo talun-kebun system. Forest Ecology and Management, 87(1–3), 75–88. crossref

Codron, S. (1999). The art of offering in Bali. Indonesia and the Malay World, 27(79), 157–176. crossref

Combe, J. (1982). Agroforestry techniques in tropical countries: potential and limitations. Agroforestry Systems, 1(1), 13–27. crossref

Finerman, R., & Sackett, R. (2003). Using home gardens to decipher health and healing in the Andes. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 17(4), 459–482. crossref

Gadgil, M., Berkes, F., & Folke, C. (1993). Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Ambio, 22(2/3), 151–156. crossref

Galluzzi, G., Eyzaguirre, P., & Negri, V. (2010). Home gardens: neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19(13), 3635–3654. crossref

Hakim, L., & Nakagoshi, N. (2007). Plant species composition in home gardens in the Tengger highland (East Java, Indonesia) and its importance for regional ecotourism planning. Hikobia, 15(1), 23–36. Retrieved from website

Heim, S., Stang, J., & Ireland, M. (2009). A garden pilot project enhances fruit and vegetable consumption among children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(7), 1220–1226. crossref

Jose, S. (2009). Agroforestry for ecosystem services and environmental benefits: an overview. Agroforestry Systems, 76(1), 1–10. crossref

Joshi, S. G. (2000). Medicinal plants. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Pub. Co. Retrieved from website

Kimber, C. T. (2004). Gardens and dwelling: People in vernacular gardens. Geographical Review, 94(3), 263–283. crossref

Kumar, B. M., & Nair, P. K. R. (Eds.). (2006). Tropical homegardens - A time-tested example of sustainable agroforestry (Advances in Agronomy, Vol. 3). Dordrecht, The Netherland: Springer. crossref

Lambin, E. F., & Geist, H. (Eds.). (2006). Land-use and land-cover change - Local processes and global impacts. Global Change – The IGBP Series. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag. crossref

Molyneux, N., da Cruz, G. R., Williams, R. L., Andersen, R., & Turner, N. C. (2012). Climate change and population growth in Timor Leste: Implications for food security. Ambio, 41(8), 823–840. crossref

Nair, P. K. R. (1985). Classification of agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems, 3(2), 97–128. crossref

Padoch, C., & de Jong, W. (1991). The house gardens of Santa Rosa: Diversity and variability in an Amazonian agricultural system. Economic Botany, 45(2), 166–175. crossref

Pamungkas, R. N., Indriyani, S., & Hakim, L. (2013). The ethnobotany of homegardens along rural corridors as a basis for ecotourism planning: a case study of Rajegwesi village, Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 3(9), 60–69. Retrieved from PDF

Peter, K. V. (2006). Handbook of herbs and spices. Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (Vol. 3). UK: Woodhead Publishing. crossref

Poyatos, R., Latron, J., & Llorens, P. (2003). Land use and land cover change after agricultural abandonment - The case of a Mediterranean Mountain Area (Catalan Pre-Pyrenees). Mountain Research and Development, 23(4), 362–368. crossref

Rahu, A. A., Hidayat, K., Ariyadi, M., & Hakim, L. (2013). Ethnoecology of Kaleka: Dayak’s agroforestry in Kapuas, Central Kalimantan Indonesia. Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, 1(8), 5–12. Retrieved from PDF

Soemarwoto, O., & Conway, G. R. (1992). The Javanese homegarden. Journal for Farming Systems Research-Extension, 2(3), 95–118. Retrieved from website

Stoler, A. (1978). Garden use and household economy in rural Java. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 14(2), 85–101. crossref

Sujarwo, W., & Caneva, G. (2016). Using quantitative indices to evaluate the cultural importance of food and nutraceutical plants: Comparative data from the Island of Bali (Indonesia). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 18, 342–348. crossref

Tardío, J., & Pardo-de-Santayana, M. (2008). Cultural importance indices: A comparative analysis based on the useful wild plants of Southern Cantabria (Northern Spain)1. Economic Botany, 62(1), 24–39. crossref

Weersum, K. F. (1982). Tree gardening and taungya on Java: examples of agroforestry techniques in the humid tropics. Agroforestry Systems, 1(1), 53–70. crossref

Wiersum, K. F. (2006). Diversity and change in homegarden cultivation in Indonesia. In K. B.M. & N. P.K.R. (Eds.), Tropical homegardens (vol. 3, pp. 13–24). Dordrecht: Springer. crossref



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.