Storage Temperature of Botanical Insecticide Mixture Formulations and Its Activity Againsts Crocidolomia pavonana (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

Eka Candra Lina, Nia Yulianti, Gustria Ernis, Arneti Arneti, Novri Nelly

Abstract


The purpose of this research was to evaluate the safety of mixture formulations of Tephrosia vogelii and Piper aduncum at various storage temperatures and their insecticidal activity against C. pavonana larvae. Formulations were made from T. vogelii and P. aduncum (1:5) in emulsifiable concentrate (EC) and wettable powder (WP) form. Both formulations have strong insecticidal activity against C. pavonana. This research used a randomized completed design in different temperature treatments. Insecticidal activity of formulations after storage was tested against C. pavonana. The treatments were done using deep leaf method in 5 concentrations and 5 replications. The results showed that LC95 value of EC formulation after storage at condition: below 4°C, room temperature, and 40°C were 0.19%, 0.34% and 0.21% respectively. Based on LC95 value of EC formulation from each treatment, indicated that EC formulation after storage could hold insecticidal activity as good as insecticidal activity before storage due to LC95 value after storage relatively lower than LC95 value before storage (0.35%). In the contrary, WP formulation activity was significantly decreased in all treatments compared to WP formulation activity before storage based on LC95 value.

Keywords


Botanical insecticide; Crocidolomia pavonana; Formulation; Storage; Temperature

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abizar, M., & Prijono, D. (2010). Aktivitas insektisida ekstrak daun dan biji Tephrosia vogelii J. D. Hooker (Leguminosae) dan ekstrak buah Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) terhadap larva Crocidolomia pavonana (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) [Insecticidal activity of leaf and seed extracts of Tephrosia vogelii J. D. Hooker (Leguminosae) and fruit extract of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) on the cabbage head caterpillar, Crocidolomia pavonana (L.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Jurnal Hama Dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika, 10(1), 1–12. Retrieved from website

Arnason, J. T., Sims, S. R., & Scott, I. M. (2012). Natural products from plants as insecticides. In Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) (pp. 1–8). Retrieved from PDF

CIPAC Handbook. (1980). Analysis of technical and formulated pesticides (Vol. 1C). Cipac, Harpenden, Herts: UK.

Guerrini, A., Sacchetti, G., Rossi, D., Paganetto, G., Muzzoli, M., Andreotti, E., … Bruni, R. (2009). Bioactivities of Piper aduncum L. and Piper obliquum Ruiz & Pavon (Piperaceae) essential oils from Eastern Ecuador. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 27(1), 39–48. crossref

LeOra Software. (1987). POLO-PC-a user’s guide to probit or logit analysis. LeOra Software, Berkeley.

Lina, E. C., Manuwoto, S., Syahbirin, G., & Dadang. (2017). Mixed extracts formulation of Tephrosia vogelii and Piper aduncum. In The Asia-Pacific Conference on Life Sciences and Biological Engineering (p. APLSBE-812). Nagoya, Japan. Retrieved from website

Mediana, G., & Prijono, D. (2014). Pengaruh pemanasan dan penyimpanan terhadap aktivitas insektisida ekstrak Lerak (Sapindus rarak) pada larva Crocidolomia pavonana (F.) (lepidoptera: crambidae) [Effect of heating and storage on the activities of Lerak extract insecticides (Sapindus rarak) in larva Crocidolomia pavonana (F.) (lepidoptera: crambidae)]. Jurnal Agrovigor, 7(2), 90–98. Retrieved from website

Misni, N., Sulaiman, S., & Othman, H. (2008). The repellent activity of Piper aduncum linn (Family: Piperaceae) essential oil against Aedes aegypti using human volunteers. Journal of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, 31, 63–69. Retrieved from PDF

Mkenda, P. A., & Ndakidemi, P. A. (2014). Pesticidal efficacy of four botanical pesticides on survival, oviposition and progeny development of bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus in stored cowpea, Vigna unguiculata. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 3(12), 1504–1523. crossref

Mkenda, P., Mwanauta, R., Stevenson, P. C., Ndakidemi, P., Mtei, K., & Belmain, S. R. (2015). Extracts from field margin weeds provide economically viable and environmentally benign pest control compared to synthetic pesticides. PLoS ONE, 10(11), e0143530. crossref

Perry, A. S., Ishaaya, Y., & Perry, R. (1998). Insecticides in agriculture and environment: Retrospects and prospects. (B. L. McNeal, F. Tardieu, H. Van Keulen, & D. Van Vleck, Eds.), Applied agriculture. Heidelberg: Springer. crossref

Smyth, R. R., Hoffmann, M. P., & Shelton, A. M. (2003). Effects of host plant phenology on oviposition preference of Crocidolomia pavonana (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Environmental Entomology, 32(4), 756–764. crossref




DOI: http://doi.org/10.17503/agrivita.v40i3.1296

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.